January 3, 1892 - September 2, 1973
John Ronald Reuel Tokien was born in Bloemfountein, South America in the January 3 of 1892. His father died when he was only four years old and so J.R.R.'s mother took him and his brother, Hilary, to live in Birmingham, England. A few year's later, his mother died as well leaving him and his brother to live with relatives and then they were sent to a boarding school with a catholic pries taking guardianship over them. J.R.R. then went on to get a degree at Exeter College specializing in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic languages and classic literature. He later enlisted for world war I, but still wrote whenever he could and after a large battle in which there were many injuries, J.R.R. was released because of illness.
In 1920, J.R.R. started to work at the University of Leeds and a few years later he was hired to be professor at Oxford University. During his time at Oxford, he started a writing group called the Inklings which also included another well known writer, C.S. Lewis. Also, while he was there, J.R.R. wrote the first line about a hobbit, who later became the Bilbo Baggins in his novel, The Hobbit. Over the years, J.R.R. developed the series The Lord of the Rings, coming out with the first book in 1954. The books of this series became global best sellers and won many awards. He retired in 1959, but continued writing pieces such as his essay and poetry collection Tree and Leaf.
This next short excerpt is from J.R.R.'s book The Fellowship of the Ring, the first book in his series The Lord of the Rings.
"All that is gold does not glitter,
Not all those who wander are lost;
The old that is strong does not wither,
Deep roots are not reached by the frost.
From the ashes a fire shall be woken,
A light from the shadows shall spring;
Renewed shall be blade that was broken,
The crownless again shall be king."