Jalapenos

By: Sophie Brozinsky

Jalapeno peppers were one of the many things that moved during the Columbian Exchange.  Without this hot and spicy pepper, Asian spices and other seasonings would be very different.  Some foods may not have existed if it weren't for the jalapeno's moving to the Old World.  Think about how different you life would be without the jalapeno.  Farmers would make less money, supermarkets would be smaller, and many spices would be nonexistent.

History of the jalapeno

The jalapeño is a food from the New World that Christopher Columbus brought to the Old World on one of his voyages. When he did so is currently unknown to me. Jalapeños originated in Peru and Mexico, and are named for the capital of Mexico, Jalapa. A long time ago, Aztecs smoked it and ate it.

History of the Jalapeno

The jalapeño is a food from the New World that Christopher Columbus brought to the Old World on one of his voyages. When he did so is currently unknown to me. Jalapeños originated in Peru and Mexico, and are named for the capital of Mexico, Jalapa. A long time ago, Aztecs smoked it and ate it.

Servings and food group

One serving of jalapeños should be just one pepper or 14 grams of pepper. The food group of the hot pepper is vegetables. There are only 4 calories per serving of pepper! This food has 0g of fat and is very healthy.

Health facts about the jalapeño

To get 2,000 calories from hot peppers alone, you have to eat 500 servings, or 500 spicy hot peppers! Hot peppers are good for you because they have no saturated or trans fat. They are also good for you because they are low in calories. A few more reasons hot peppers are good for you are: they are low in sugar, have 27% of your daily value of vitamin C, contain potassium, and contain vitamins A and B-6.

Interesting facts about the jalapeño

Pure capsaicin, the chemical that gives hot peppers their spice and flavor, can be deadly if ingested. Another interesting fact is that birds eat hot peppers all the time, even the spiciest ones. Most people don’t think birds have a high spice tolerance, and they’re probably right. Birds eat hot peppers because they don’t taste the spice. The truth is: hot peppers are only hot to us because that is their defense mechanism. If we eat their seeds, we will digest them, and the pepper doesn’t want that. Birds won’t digest their seeds, so the hot pepper isn’t hot to them. The heat of hot peppers can be guessed by how striated or red a pepper is. Green hot peppers aren’t ripe, they are often harvested before they can ripen and turn crimson red because the red variety is often too spicy for people.  Jalpeno peppers are a kind of capsicum plant of the pod variant.  The mature plant stands 2 and a half to 3 feet tall.  The Scoville heat scale measures the heat of peppers.  The market consists mostly of green peppers because red peppers are considered inferior, so they are thrown onto the ground or used in production of chipotle peppers.

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