Where did the disease originate and how
- West Africa
- chimpanzee spread HIV/AIDS to human
- most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood.
- The earliest known case of infection with HIV-1 in a human was detected in a blood sample collected in 1959 from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world
- Formal tracking (surveillance) of AIDS cases began that year in the United States.
- These were conditions not usually found in people with healthy immune systems.
What does this say about the country
how a major outbreak of this disease could affect a countries government
- . The disease has already orphaned 12 million children in Africa and that number could grow to a staggering 40 million by 2010.
- HIV/AIDS is also undermining the benefits of globalization for many countries.
- Between 1960 and 1990, life expectancy in Africa increased by a very substantial nine years.
- HIV/AIDS also creates much higher costs of health care for governments and may undermine health insurance schemes.
How a major outbreak of this disease affect a countries culture
- One of the cultural factors that have proven to be significant in increasing the risks of HIV-infection is cross-generational relationships in
- at least a 10-year age difference exists between partners.
- The reluctance by men, both young and old, to use condoms is one of the primary catalysts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
- HIV/AIDS, increased emphasis should be placed on prevention efforts, particularly with regard to social and cultural factors that affect its growth rate.\