Chapter 16 - Section 4 -
Rise of Austria and Prussia
Alexa, Quinn, Austin and Shelby
Causes and Results of the 30 Years War:
- Holy Roman Empire by 17th Century became a patchwork of German States
- Holy Roman Emperor was chosen by 7 German princes called electors, but the emperor had little power because princes were creating a power vacuum.
- Second reason is religion - the north was Protestant while the south stayed Catholic.
- 1648 signed the Peace of Westphalia
- France gained territories in both Germany and Spain
- Hapsburg lost a lot, they gave independence to almost all princes of the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, and the Swiss gained independence.
- Left German lands divided into 360 separate states.
- By the end of the war, as much as 1/3 of the German people had died.
How did European nations try to maintain a balance of power?
- 1750 main powers were Austria, Prussia, France, Britain, and Russia.
- These nations formed alliances to maintain balance of power.
- 7 Years' War was fought on 4 continents, by the end Britain had gained a huge empire - changing the balance of power for the next 100 years.
How did Austria and Prussia emerge as great powers?
- After 30 years greatly weakened Hapsburg
- Kept the title of Holy Roman Empire
- Adding Bohemia, Hungary, parts of Poland, and some Italian states.
- Later Maria Theresa strengthened economy by reorganizing bureaucracy and improving tax collecting.
- Became a power under Fredrick William I
- He gained loyalty of Junkers by giving position in the army and government.
- Had great emphasis on army, and was one of the best trained.
- Fredrick II came to power and attacked Austria, taking Silesia and forcing the world to recongnize Prussia as a great power.
1. Q. What are some affects of the peace of Westphalia?
- France got more land & Germany got split up.
2. Q. what caused the war of the Austrian Succession?
- Fredrick II of Prussia seized the rich Hapsburg province of Silesia.
3. Q. How did Fredrick William I increase his power?
- Fredrick had a brilliant & disciplined military which he wasted no time using when he became king in 1740.
4. Q. What were the two main rivalries after 1750?
- Prussia battled Austria for control of German states & Britain competed France to develop their over seas empires.
Frederick William I was a Prussian ruler who came to power after the death of his father in 1713.
This is a map of Europe after the Thirty Years' War
This is Frederick II, who came to power after Frederick I.
This picture represents soldiers rummaging through a village during the Thirty Years War.
This is Germany after the Thirty Years' War, as you can see, it was split into a lot of states.
This is a picture of the Peace of Westphalia that was made in 1648, ending the Thirty Years' War.
This pictures shows a battle during the Thirty Years' War.
This is a map of part of the area involved with the Seven Years' War.
This is a map of one of the battles, The Battle of Leuthen, in the Seven Years' War
This is a picture of the battle of Rossbach in the Seven Years' War.
Picture of Frederick William I - http://beowulfs-tomb.com/frames/prusshist.html
Picture of the Map - http://www.balagan.org.uk/war/thirty-years-war/timeline.htm
Picture of Frederick II - http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_the_Great.com
Picture of a Battle (1) - http://smpowers80.wordpress.com/2010/02/23/baroque-blog/
Picture of Germany - http://historywallcharts.eu/view/germany-after-the-thirty-years-war
Picture of the Peace of Westphalia - http://potpourri-variety.blogspot.com/2008/10/peace-of-westphalia-october-24-1648.html
Picture of battle at Hapsburg - http://bicycle2011.com/when-was-the-thirty-years%E2%80%99-war/
Picture of Map of Seven Years' War - http://www.beowulfs-tomb.com/frames/wars/sevenyears.html
Picture of map of Leuthen - http://www.beowulfs-tomb.com/frames/wars/leuthen.html
Picture of map of Rossbach - http://www.beowulfs-tomb.com/frames/wars/rossbach.html
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