Cotton

Define: The soft white, downy fiber, (ball) at to the seed of cotton plant

Characteristics: strong and durable, absorbent, cool to wear, wrinkles easily

Proper Care: machine wash, tumble dry at moderate temperatures, press with warm to hot iron

Common Uses: underwear, socks, shirts, blouses, jeans, towels, sheets  

Linen or Flax

Define: The fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant

Characteristics: durable and strong, lustrous and smooth, comfortable and cool to wear, wrinkles easily, creases difficult to remove, can be expensive

Proper Care: hand wash or dry clean (according to garment label), iron while damp

Common Uses: pants, blazers, table lines, upholstery  

Silk

Define: The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm

Characteristics: luxurious appearance and feel, strongest of all natural fibers, drapes nicely, expensive, easily spots if fabric becomes wet, weakens with exposure to sun and perspiration

Proper Care: dry clean or hand wash (according to garment directions), press on wrong side with warm iron

Common Uses: wedding gowns, lingerie, men's ties

Wool

Define: The fiber that forms that coat (fleece) sheep

Characteristics:Natural insulator, soft and resilient, naturally flame retardant, absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton, shrinks if mach washed or dried unless chemically treated, and affected by moths.

Proper Care: Dry clean or hand wash in cool water with mild detergent. Do not place in dryer and press with cool iron.

Common uses: Sweaters, coats, blankets, rugs, carpets, and etc.

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