John Winthrop was very involved in the Political movement of colonial America. He was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony. He was a strict Puritan and he believed along with other Puritans that they could establish a pure church in New England that would offer a model for churches in the 'mother land' and reform the Anglican Church.
John Winthrop is best known for being the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He decided to follow the pilgrims to America with a large group of Puritans. They took off with a charter for the colony of Massachusetts Bay. The Arbella was the ship that took John Winthrop to the new world. The charter said that Massachusetts colonists would govern themselves. They wanted to create a government based on the rules of the Bible.
Winthrop was to become governor of the colony and set the example for the rest of the world with their form of government. John Winthrop said in his sermon aboard the Arbella in 1630, "We must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us."
After John Winthrop was governor, in 1645 he went on to become the first president of the Confederation of New England, before dying four years later.
Plymouth, near Cape Cod
The map above shows where the Pilgrims landed after their journey across the Atlantic.