Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
Thesis: Receptiveness to islamic conversion, expansion, and syncretism bridged together the two regions.

--Political divisions re: succession started early
--After al-Rashid’s death, civil wars broke out
--Caliphs tried to move the capital from Baghdad High taxes, pillaging, and claimed it was Supporting  the Shi’as =led to peasant revolt
--As the empire declined Buyid nomads captureD Baghdad and the Caliphs lost power
--Christians briefly captured and built connections between Europe and the East.
--LearninG/arts flourished, Islam expanded Persian language overtook Arabic esp. in high culture
--Religion became more important at the end of the Abbasid rule
--Mongols invaded, Baghdad declined
--Traders and migrants brought Islam to SE Asia
--Muslims reach India under Umayyad in 711
--Hindus and Buddhists were treated as people of Book
--The 2nd wave of invasion gained territory in the Indus valley
--Wanted people to convert willingly
--Many who converted were Buddhists or in the low castes
--Hindus of the higher class looked down on Muslims
--India was resistant to Islam S Asian islands were the major points of expansion
--The Sufis spread syncretic Islam through SE Asia
--Established Schools and mosques Islam spreads to S/SE Asia

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