Jamaica

Kingston

MAJOR LANGUAGES: English is the official language of Jamaica

LOCATION: Jamaica is an island in the Caribbean Sea, so it not located on a continent.
Geologically, it is located on the Caribbean Plate, which is also not considered a continental plate (although part of Central America is located on this tectonic plate).  The nearest continent is North America, to the west, but the coast of South America to the southeast is almost as close.

POPULATION: 2.715 million (2013)

Average Age; male: 71.87 years
female: 75.17 years (2014 est.)

TOP 3 MAJOR CITIES: Kingston, Saint Andrew, and Saint Catherine

TOP 3 MAJOR BODIES OF WATER: Black River, Montego Bay, and Negril.

CLIMATE: The island has a mean annual rainfall of 198 cm (78 in), with wide variations during the year between the north and south coasts. The northeast coast and the Blue Mountains receive up to 500 cm (200 in) of rain a year in places, while some parts of the south coast receive less than 75 cm (30 in), most of it falling between May and October. The rainy seasons are May to June and September to November. The period from late August to November has occasionally been marked by destructive hurricanes.
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Jamaica-CLIMATE.html#ixzz3JSfacPJa

CULTURE:

Popular music:

Reggae, dub music, and ska jazz.

Top 3 Holidays: Christmas, Easter, and Good Friday.

Major Sports: cricket, football, and netball.

TYPE OF GOVERNMENT: Jamaica is a parliamentary democracy governed under the constitution of 1962. It has a bicameral Parliament made up of a 21-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives. The prime minister is the head of government. The head of state is the British monarch, as represented by the governor-general. The country has two main political parties: the Jamaica Labor party (JLP) generally favors private enterprise, while the People's National party (PNP) advocates a moderate socialism. Administratively, the country is divided into 14 parishes
Jamaica: Government | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/jamaica-government.html#ixzz3JSZq3bwt

INTERESTING FACTS:

Selling for less than five dollars an ounce, ganja has a long history in Jamaica, going all the way back to 19th-century Indian immigrants. Cultivation and import have been illegal since 1913, but everyone’s granny remembers when the herb was quite openly on sale as a cure-all. Some of the early work on medicinal uses for marijuana was done in Jamaica in the 1970s and 1980s.

As an island that is viewed as the mecca of cannabis culture, many are surprised to to learn that Jamaica is only now in the midst of reforming its cannabis laws. The cultivation, selling, and consumption of cannabis as all other drugs have been illegal since 1913. However, following a unanimous symbolic vote in the Jamaican House of Representatives last October, the Jamaican government announced in June 2014 that it would decriminalize marijuana possession for personal consumption and religious/medical use by the end of the year.

While ganja is the most widely used drug in Jamaica, the island also serves as an important role in the trafficking of cocaine from Colombia to the USA and Britain. By the mid to late 1980s, Jamaica’s transhipment and drug production developments earned it the international reputation of “a major marijuana producing state and a transit state for Colombian cocaine.”

Jamaica was claimed by Spain after Christopher Colombus landed there in 1494.

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