Feudal Japan

Question 1: What is Feudalism?

Feudalism is a form of Government or structure.

Question 2: What led to the rise of feudalism in Japan?

The weak government couldn't control fighting among the Daimyo. Lawlessness led small landowners to become vassals of the Daimyo for protection

Question 3: What are three art forms from Ancient Japan and how did they impact/influence society at that time period?

Bonsai/Zen Gardens - designed to offer a quiet place to think

Haiku - Japan developed Haiku poetry, three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables

Noh - Retelling of legends and folktales. Actors were mostly men, and were performed for nobles

Kabuki- Play performed by men, using melodramatic singing and dancing with elaborate costumes.

Question 4: What was the social structure of Feudal Japan? Be sure to explain why each class is placed where they were in the Japanese social structure.

The social structure of Ancient Japan was ruled by the Shogun. The emperor was just a figurehead, and didn't have much power; the Shogun ran the country. Below the Shogun was the Daimyo. The Daimyo were large land owners and devoted their lives to the Shogun, and had an army of Samurai. Below the Daimyo were the Samurai. The Samurai made up 10% of the people in ancient Japan, and answered to their Daimyo, who was like their commander. Below the Samurai were the farmers, which were part of the peasants. The farmers were higher than the merchants and artisans because the produced the food that all of the other classes depended on. Artisans produced the necessary goods for daily life. The lowest class was the merchants, because they profited off of the labors of other people.

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