Tourette's Syndrome (TS)
What makes you tic?
By: Tiffany Bartram & Morgan Downs
Those with TS are often diagnosed during childhood or adolescence. They commonly develop tics and vocal utterances (noises or outbursts of profanity). It is often linked to OCD, ADHD, or both. Almost half of patients diagnosed with TS have behavioral disorders.
At this point in time Ts has no real permanent treatment, besides temporary medications.
Symptoms (Common Simple Tics)
Sudden, brief, and include a lesser number of muscle groups.
-involuntary eye blinking
-head and shoulder jerks
Symptoms (Common Complex Tics)
Involve several muscle groups and is not as common as simple tics.
-several combined simple tics
-sniffing or touching objects
-uttering words or phrases
-coprolalia (uttering profanity)
-echolalia (repeating another persons's words or phrases)
-OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder)
-ADHD or ADD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
-self harming behaviors
The most common medication used for teenagers over the age of 13 and older usually take the drug "Haloperidol" which is closely related to "Droperidol", this is used mostly for vocal and tic interruptions.
Those who take any kind of medication for Ts should never take over 100 mg, the average person with light interruptions only take 0.5- 2 mg per day / 2-5 times a day.The higher your dosage the more severe the condition must be.
CBIT, is a behavior disorder therapy associated with tics. This therapy is usually located in a therapist's office and takes between 7- 10 weeks to help the patient depending on each individual persons symptoms, behavior, and characteristics.
Future of the Disorder
People with TS generally show improvement when they reach adulthood. 1/3 get better, 1/3 remain the same, and 1/3 get worse. It all depends on the severity of their condition.
The main cause is unknown, but what little knowledge we have is that TS is definitely a genetic disorder. People are born with it, although they may not start to show signs until about 4-6 years of age.
Life Expectancy & Mortality Rate
Those who have Ts will not die from Ts.
The mortality rate does not exist with TS since you can not die from TS.
CNS and PNS
There are three neurotransmitters involved with TS; dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. It is believed that there is an abnormal gene that alters how the brain uses these neurotransmitters, thus causing the interruption in the signals traveling through from the PNS to the CNS and resulting in involuntary muscle contractions.