The Parthenon

By: Jenyn

Introduction


         The Parthenon is a Greek temple dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena who they call their patron. It’s a classical building in Athens, Greece, most often called the symbol of Ancient Greece. One of the world’s greatest cultural monuments used as a museum with long white columns around the perimeter of the building.

History

         They began building the Parthenon in 447 BC and completed it in 432 BC (BC numbers move backwards). The Parthenon we have today replaced an older structure also dedicated to Athena. It was called the Pre-Parthenon or the older Parthenon. The older Parthenon was destroyed in 480 BC. Most people think it was destroyed, supposedly to get the treasure hidden inside of it.

         They began building the Parthenon in 447 BC and completed it in 432 BC (BC numbers move backwards). The Parthenon we have today replaced an older structure also dedicated to Athena. It was called the Pre-Parthenon or the older Parthenon. The older Parthenon was destroyed in 480 BC. Most people think it was destroyed, supposedly to get the treasure hidden inside of it.

         They began building the Parthenon in 447 BC and completed it in 432 BC (BC numbers move backwards). The Parthenon we have today replaced an older structure also dedicated to Athena. It was called the Pre-Parthenon or the older Parthenon. The older Parthenon was destroyed in 480 BC. Most people think it was destroyed, supposedly to get the treasure hidden inside of it.


Sculptures - Elgin marbles

         The Elgin marbles   was structured in BC and finished in 438 BC. They are made entirely of marble and are classical Greek sculptures. There displayed in London at the British museum and take up 75 meters (247 feet) of space.


Statues - Parthenos (Greece)

       The Athena Parthenos is one of the more famous statues in the Parthenon. People began working on the Athena Parthenos in 447 BC. Then it was damaged in a fire in 165 BC but then was repaired. It continued standing in the Parthenon in the 5th century. Another fire occurred and this time it may have been lost. But then another account mentions it in the Constantinople in the 10th century.


Statues - Parthenos (Nashville)

       A replica of the Parthenon in Nashville, Tennessee was made by Alan LeQuire and made public on May 20, 1990. Inside of the Parthenon’s replica is a replica of the Parthenos one of the most famous statues in the Parthenon was made out of gypsum cement and fiber glass. The head was made out of aluminum armature and the lower part was made of steel. Beams rest on concrete and bed rock just to hold the weight of this heavy statue. The Athena Parthenos is 41 feet tall. She’s the largest piece of indoor sculpture in the western world (west).

Vocabulary

-  Parthenon – big white building with columns in Greece

-  Athena – female Greek Goddess

-  Parthenos – statue of Athena

-  Nashville – U.S. city

-  Mosque – type of church

-  Tennessee – U.S. state

-  London – Country near Europe