The Growth of America
8th American History
10. The Alien and Sedition Act- America became suspicious of immigrants. They thought immigrants posed a threat to America. This Act gave the president power to imprison or deport any aliens he thought posed a threat.
9. The Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clark Expedition- The French sold the Louisiana Territory to America so they could resupply from the war they had with England. Thomas Jefferson told Lewis and Clark to scout the land he bought.
8. California Gold Rush of 1849- Gold was discovered in California which got lots of people to move to that state. Not many people got rich though.
7. Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin- this invention was part of the Industrial Revelation. It easily separates the cotton fibers from the seeds.
6. War of 1812- In 1807 a British ship attacked an American ship and killed three innocent people. This resulted in a war with the British. The ending result was a stalemate. No one won.
5. Trail of Tears- This was part of the Indian Removal Act. Americans forced them out of their homes and walk millions of acres to what we now call Oklahoma. Many of got sick, cried, or died.
4. Washington Farewell Address- this was George Washington's final act as president. He wrote this to inform us to stay out of other country's problems.
3. Thomas Jefferson- he became our third president. He valued the belief that citizens should be self-reliant and very smart. He wanted people to be well educating.
2. Republic of Texas- Santa Anna made himself dictator of Mexico and stopped American emigration. The Texans started to rebel because of this and wanted independence from Mexico. They started a war with them, and won their independence.
1. The Jackson Era- Andrew Jackson was our seventh president. Many Americans thought of him to be a patriot, a self-made man, and a war hero. He let all men vote, and treated everyone equally, except the Native Americans. He did sadly make the Indian Removal Act.
1789 George Washington becomes president- George Washington becomes the first president of the United States of America.
1800 Thomas Jefferson becomes president- Thomas Jefferson became our third president.
1803 Louisiana Purchase- Jefferson bought this land and told Lewis and Clark to explore it.
1812 War of 1812- it was a war with America and England. It started when England attacked an innocent American merchant ship. It ended with a stalemate.
1828 Jackson becomes president- Andrew Jackson became our seventh president. Lots of people loved him, and he was known as the common man.
1830 Indian Removal Act- Jackson made this Act to remove all Indians from their land and put them in Indian Territory.
1830 Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna becomes dictator for Mexico- He made himself dictator by overthrowing the Mexican government and destroying the constitution.
1836 Texas got their independence- After the war with Mexico, the Texans finally defeated them and gained their independence.
1848 California Gold Rush- Many people traveled to California in search of Gold.
1853 Gadsden Purchase- America bought southern land in Arizona.
Biography of George Washington
George Washington is a very historic man. He commanded the Constitutional Army during the Revolutionary War and became the first president of the United States of America. Washington was born in the British colony of Virginia on February 22, 1732. When he became a teenager he loved mathematics, and became a successful surveyor. His surveying expeditions got him enough money to buy land of his own.
In December 1752, Washington became a commander of the Virginia militia force even though he had no military experience. Later he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. Then he married Martha, a wealthy widow with two children. Washington expanded his land so he could create more farms and grow lots of wheat and corn. He also bred mules and had a successful fishery.
Washington started to experience the increase of taxes the British were putting on them. He along with many other people wanted Independence from England. He became one of the members of the First Continental Congress. After the Second Continental Congress America declared war on England. George Washington was named commander in chief of the Continental Army. Even though his army lacked food, ammunition, and skills Washington gave them the motivation to keep fighting. Washington was declared a national hero when the war ended.
After the war Washington thought he would live the rest of his life peacefully with his wife. He later realized he was not going to get that yet. He became our first president in 1789. He tried to set an example for future presidents. That was his main goal. He even wrote the Washington Farewell Address at the end of his 2 terms. After his presidency he finally got to retire in Mount Vernon.
The Belgium Times
The Indian Removal Act
The Native American American issue has been resolved. The Americans no longer have to fear them. About 125,000 Native Americans used to live in the states, but now most of them are gone. This would have never been accomplished without our president Andrew Jackson. He always hated the Native Americans so he tried to find a way to get rid of them. by 1830, he created the Indian Removal Act to make all the Native Americans leave to Indian Territory. The Government did not approve of this, but Jackson ignored them.
Americans wanted the land because it is very valuable. There was a lot of land to farm and make houses. Americans just took the land not thinking about the fact that it is Native American land. It was not easy to get all of them out of their homes. A lot of soldiers had to help out. The Cherokee were the most difficult to deal with. They did not want to leave the land their ancestors lived in. They also had to make a huge journey on foot. It was not going to be easy for them.
Many Native Americans cried during the trip. They felt betrayed by the American Government. They made treaties with them, but the Government just ignored it. Some Native Americans wanted to stay and fight for their land. Others were willing to leave in exchange for money. That did not happen though. They just got kicked out of their land for being Native Americans. 16,000 Creeks had to walk to the Indian Territory. About 4,000 of them died. All those deaths happened just so America could get more land. Their journey was called the Trail of Tears. It was an unfair, sad, and selfish event of our history.
Obituary of Tecumseh
Tecumseh was born on March 1768 and died on October 1813. His father's name was Puckeshinwa, and his mother's name was Methoataske. He was raised by his older sister, and helped his brother on many raids against settlements in Kentucky and Tennessee. By 1800 he became a prominent war chief. He wanted to bring all the Native American tribes together to prevent anymore erosion in their land. He did attract a lot of them.
His Native American tribe fought with the British in the War of 1812. After a great loss in the Battle of the Tippecanoe he struggled to rebuild his confederacy. William Henry Harrison's troops attacked Tecumseh's army, and killed Tecumseh. He got killed at the Battle of the Thames by American forces. Tecumseh's bravery and leadership attracted a lot of his friends and foes. He is now known as an American folk hero.
2 cups of flour
4 tsp. of baking powder
Dash of salt
1/2 cup of butter
Put sift flour, baking powder and salt into a bowl. Add butter
(still cold) and cut it into 4 or 5 pieces. Then work it into the flour mixture
with a pastry blender. Add cold milk, a little at a time, and
blend it with a fork (use only enough milk to hold the dough
Roll the dough to about 1/2" thick on a lightly floured board, and
cut it with a small biscuit cutter. Place it on an ungreased
Bake it in a preheated 450°F oven for 10 to 12 minutes or until the
biscuits are lightly brown.
Then you are done.
By the Numbers
1st president of the United States of America was George Washington.
3 French men were involved in the XYZ Affair.
15 million dollars were spent to buy the Louisiana Territory from the French.
32 days after becoming president, Harrison died
12th Amendment lets the House of Representatives pick who the next president will be if the majority is not achieved.
17,000 Cherokee people were forced to travel along the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma.
300 American families were given permission to start a new colony in Mexican Territory by the Mexican Government.
12 days of fighting it took till the Alamo were defeated by the Mexicans.
49ers were people at the California Gold Rush in search of gold.
12,000 Mormons traveled to the Utah Territory in search of religious freedom.
Map of Lewis and Clark's Journey
After Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from the French, he needed someone to explore the new land. He chose his personal secretary Meriwether Lewis. Lewis got to choose a companion, and he chose William Clark. Lewis really admired Clark, and because of that he made Clark the co-commanding caption of the journey. The journey they were going to take could last two years.
They started their journey in Camp Wood, in 1804. They paddled themselves upstream on the Missouri River to Fort Mandan. They stayed there all winter. The 1805 spring gave them good enough weather to go on the next part of their journey. Along the way they encountered some Native Americans. They were friendly enough to help them. They traveled for a whole year till winter came. They stayed at Fort Clatsop which was in what we call Oregon. Their journey was complete. They went back to tell Thomas Jefferson about the land they explored.
List of Cited Works
http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/george... = biography of George Washington
http://www.cooks.com/recipe/vd9w75ja/colonial-bisc... = Colonial Biscuits
http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/lewis-cl... = Map of Lewis and Clark Journey
http://www.history.com/topics/native-american-hist... = Newspaper Artical
https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat... = Mr Jones power point unit 8
https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat... = Mr Jones power point unit 9
https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat... = Mr Jones power point unit 10
https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat... = Mr Jones power point unit 11
https://docs.google.com/a/pisgahpats.org/presentat... = Mr Jones power point unit 12