Zero Conditional

Structure:

If + present simple, + present simple.

Examples:

  • If you freeze water, it turns into ice.
  • If I work too much, I get tired.
  • If I have time, I usually go to the movies.
  • If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy.
  • If they come here, they always bring a present.

First Conditional

Structure:

If + present simple, + will + infinitive.

Examples:

  • You’ll miss the train if you don’t hurry!
  • If I miss the train today, I’ll drive to work.
  • I will pass my math exam if I study hard.
  • If it rains, we won’t have our picnic.
  • If you stay out in the rain too long, you’ll get sick!

Second Conditional

Structure:

If + past simple + would + infinitive.

Examples:

  • If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.(I probably won't win the lottery)
  • If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello.
  • She would travel all over the world if she were rich.
  • She would pass the exam if she ever studied.(She never studies, so this won't happen)
  • If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain.

Third Conditional

Structure:

If + past perfect, + would + have, + past participle.

Examples:

  • If I had gone to university, I would have studied medicine.
  • If You had gone to the party, you would have met him.
  • We wouldn’t have driven all this way if we had known the museum was closed.
  • If I had known that you needed a ride to school, I would have driven you.
  • I really wanted to see that movie! If I had known you were going, I would have gone with you!

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