# Zero Conditional

Structure:

If + present simple, + present simple.

Examples:

• If you freeze water, it turns into ice.
• If I work too much, I get tired.
• If I have time, I usually go to the movies.
• If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy.
• If they come here, they always bring a present.

# First Conditional

Structure:

If + present simple, + will + infinitive.

Examples:

• You’ll miss the train if you don’t hurry!
• If I miss the train today, I’ll drive to work.
• I will pass my math exam if I study hard.
• If it rains, we won’t have our picnic.
• If you stay out in the rain too long, you’ll get sick!

# Second Conditional

Structure:

If + past simple + would + infinitive.

Examples:

• If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.(I probably won't win the lottery)
• If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello.
• She would travel all over the world if she were rich.
• She would pass the exam if she ever studied.(She never studies, so this won't happen)
• If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain.

# Third Conditional

Structure:

If + past perfect, + would + have, + past participle.

Examples:

• If I had gone to university, I would have studied medicine.
• If You had gone to the party, you would have met him.
• We wouldn’t have driven all this way if we had known the museum was closed.
• If I had known that you needed a ride to school, I would have driven you.
• I really wanted to see that movie! If I had known you were going, I would have gone with you!