Côte d'Ivoire

Republic of the Ivory Coast

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An Ivoirian woman walks past the Basilica of Our Lady Peace in Yamoussoukro

Society

  • There are over 60 different ethnic groups within Côte d'Ivoire,
  • The official language is French, although a language known as Dyula-Taboussi is spoken by Muslim traders.
  • The de facto capital and largest city is Abidjan, it is affectionately referred to as the Paris of Africa.
  • Football (soccer) is a major sport and pastime in Côte d'Ivoire. Almost every town has a field and most large cities have a stadium
  • Although freedom of the press is constitutionally guaranteed, in reality it is restricted.  Several newspapers (most in French) run throughout the nation.There are also several radio stations and one state run television station.
  • Music is a vital part of Ivorian culture
  • There is no official religion

Society impacts the people living there. The large variations in culture have caused issues to arise, such as two civil wars both within a decade of each other. There is not one single religion, although Christianity is popular. Côte d'Ivoire has a rich cultural history. Their main language is French, but they have several additional tribal languages. The former capital, Abidjan is a cultural hotspot in Western Africa, it is affectionately referred to as the Paris of Africa. The République de Côte d'Ivoire has a very unique culture and history.

An off-shore oil rig off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire

Technology

  • Côte d'Ivoire has large offshore petroleum and natural gas reserves which it exploits for economic growth
  • Energy needs are meet with mainly thermal stations and hydroelectric power.

Technology in Côte d'Ivoire is insignificant from the rest of the world. It does not intake or produce any particular technology, with the exception of petroleum exports. There is a single track railway connecting Abidjan with Ougadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso. Côte d'Ivoire has one of the densest road networks in sub-Saharan Africa. Technology has a minor impact on the people of Côte d'Ivoire.

The Dix-Huit Montagnes region in Côte d'Ivoire

Geography

Climate In Northern Côte d'Ivoire

  • There are southern savanna type conditions.
  • Due to elevation, the north is dryer and slightly cooler
  • There are winds titled the Harmattan Winds,  which is a dry, dusty northeasterly wind common during the dry season
  • The dry season stretches November to March and a single rainy season stretches from April to October, producing 45-60 inches of rain

Climate In Southern Côte d'Ivoire

  • Two rainy seasons occur in the coastal area. One Stretching from May to July, the other producing less rain from October to November. Between the two, average rainfall is about 75 inches of rain.
  • Considerable weather changes occur between places
  • Temperatures range from 70s-100s Fahrenheit.

Côte d'Ivoire is a coastal country in West Africa. It is bordered by Liberia and Guinea to the west, Mali and Burkina Faso to the north, and Ghana to the east. The climate is warm with at least one rainy season and a dry season and temperatures in 70s-100s Fahrenheit. The mountain range in western Côte d'Ivoire can inhibit travel. Geography has a large impact on the citizens of Côte d'Ivoire.

A common note worth 1,000 CFA Francs

Economy

  • The monetary unit of Côte d'Ivoire is the CFA Franc
  • Their economy has been fairly successful, except for a seven year recession starting in 1987
  • 1 US Dollar (USD) is equal to about 472 CFA Francs (XOF)

Côte d'Ivoire's economy has been pretty consistent over the nations history, but in 1987 Côte d'Ivoire staged a major recession over the course of seven years. It could not meet it's foreign debt obligations. France assisted the country in recovery by making Ivoirian exports of timber, fish and rubber more attractive. Côte d'Ivoire has had a fairly stable economy over the years

Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara

Government

  • The government of Côte d'Ivoire is a n Independent Republic
  • Executive power is held by the President who is assisted by the Prime Minister
  • The President serves a 5 year term and can only be reelected once
  • The President appoints the Prime Minister, then with their suggestion appoints a Council of Ministers.
  • There are two advisory bodies: the Economic and Social Council, and the Constitutional Council
  • There is a single legislative branch, the National Assembly, with 255 members, elected for 5 year terms
  • The country is divided into 19 "régions" and further into "départements" each with an elected council

Côte d'Ivoire has been politically unstable for the past two decades. With two civil wars, one in 2002, the other in 2011, the current government has their work cut out for them. Côte d'Ivoire government is an Independent Republic with one legislative branch, the National Assembly. The main leaders of Côte d'Ivoire are the President, Alassane Ouattara and a Prime Minister, Daniel Kublan Duncan

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