Qi of the Dynasties

A World History Project about the Overview of Chinese Dynasties

Sul

Sul Dynasty: The Sui dynasty (581–618 AD) was a short-lived Imperial Chinese dynasty. Preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties, it unified China for the first time after over a century of north-south division. It was followed by the Tang dynasty.

This mountainous region contains part of the Yellow River.

http://www.travelchinaguide.com/river/yellow/

The Sui dynasty began with a northern ruler, Wendi, who tried to reunify China.

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The Sui dynasty also had many great accomplishments (which we'll get to later). None of these could ever had happened without the help of some of their great leaders. Let's take a look at what we have.

As you can see, the Sui Dynasty had great leaders, which allowed them to do great things. Let's focus on their accomplishments. The Sui Dynasty focuses mainly on their stable economy and their military.

Forget the fact that this dynasty was short-lived. Emperor Wen made some memorable things. For one, the reunification of China’s Northern and Southern parts became an urgent task on his to-do list. Building the Grand Canal, standardizing currency and its unification in all of China, instituting the Departments and the Six Ministries, and the improvement of the Great Wall as part of their defenses were also major thing he accomplished. Buddhism also spread a whole lot during this time. It was a unifying theme between all of the Chines cultures.

Song

Song Dynasty: Starting in 960 and ending in 1279, the Song Dynasty consisted of the Northern Song (960-1127) and the Southern Song (1127-1279). With a prosperous economy and radiant culture, this period was considered as another period of 'golden age' after the glorious Tang Dynasty (618 - 907).

Technology was highly advanced in fields as diverse as agriculture, iron-working, and printing. Their population drastically increased during this time, and most people lived in the cities. Although, they were politically and economically stable, they militarily didn't get along with its neighbors very well.

Another agricultural thing in the Song Dynasty was that the people were tea drinkers and rice eaters. Rice and tea were high dominants in their culture.

Their religion,or practice, was Confucianism. Confucianism served as a government orthodoxy in this time period.

The current day Chinese roofs were also formed during the Song dynasty.

Let's transition into the Tang dynasty now.

Tang

At the end of Sui Dynasty (581 - 618), the whole country fell into chaos due to the tyranny of Emperor Yang; rebellions roused by peasants were everywhere. Resenting Emperor Yang's ruling, the chief officer of Taiyuan - Li Yuan, who was also known as Tangguo Gong (a vassal in Sui Court) raised an army in Taiyuan from May 617. In November of the same year, Li Yuan's army captured the capital city Chang'an (currently Xian) and put a new monarch, Yang You, on the throne as Emperor Gong. Meanwhile, Li Yuan proclaimed himself Da Chengxiang (prime minister) and Tang Wang (King of Tang). In 618 after Emperor Yang was killed by his chancellor, Yuwen Huaji, Li Yuan seized the chance to proclaim himself emperor and changed the state title into Tang, still with Chang'an as the capital city. http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/tang...

This is a Mural of a Banquet from the Tang Dynasty.

The Tang Dynasty had a Glorious Period (627-649). It was newly constructed, they were still kind of on shaky ground. They finally got back on their feet, and the Glorious Period arose. Stocks and governments drastically increased, and everything was going well for the people there.

A riot between the current Emperor and a former Emperor broke out, ruining the peace (705). A little poisoning, a little stealing of the throne. Normal, right?

Their second Glorious Period (712), was in the rule of Emperor Xuanzong's reign. Their economy, politics and culture also shot up very quickly. Chang'an City was the largest and the most prosperous city in the whole entire world. This time was called the Heyday of Kaiyuan, where they reached the peak of their wealth.

I'll spare you the details, but basically, their decline was caused because of an eight-year rebellion. This heavily impacted the Tang government. The last leader was forced to decline and then the dynasty came to an end.

Mongols

Mongols: a native or inhabitant of Mongolia; a Mongolian

The Mongols were seen as vicious and disgusting animals. Sure, everyone can have their own opinions, but what's the real story?

The Mongols were nomadic people from the Central Asian steppes. They moved continuously, changing up the scenery every once and a while. They adapted to these harsh and treacherous living conditions, which is why they were tough people and fierce warriors.

Women weren't really in the picture. They just did some work for the men, and they weren't allowed in the battles.

Originally, the Mongols were split into seperate groups, with seperate leaders. One day, Genghis Khan came and he was suprisingly prounounced leader. Genghis Khan united the Mongols, and he made them into a powerful military, and now they were seen as fearful.

At the time of Genghis Khan's death in 1227, the empire was divided among his four sons, but by the 1350s, they were in a state of fracture and had lost the organization of Genghis Khan. Eventually they drifted away from each other.

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Let's see what else there is to know about the Mongol's...

Japan

Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south.

Has your geography ever influenced your influences? That's what has happened with Japan. Here's the origin...

According to Japanese legend, the first gods appeared when the heaven and earth separated. The world still had no land, however. So the gods ordered Izanagi and Izanami, gods who were brother and sister, to form the land of Japan. “At this time the heavenly deities, all with one command, said to the two deities Izanagi-no-mikoto and Izanami-no-mikoto: ‘Complete and solidify this drifting land!’ Giving [Izanagi and Izanami] the Heavenly Jeweled Spear, they entrusted the mission to them.” Standing on the Heavenly Floating Bridge, the brother and sister dipped the Heavenly Jeweled Spear into the ocean of the world and stirred. “They stirred the brine [sea water] with a churning-churning sound; and when they lifted up [the spear] again, the brine dripping down from the tip of the spear piled up and became an island. This was the island Onogoro.” After creating this first island, the brother and sister went on to create all the islands of Japan. For the early people who lived on these islands, the ever-present nearness of the sea shaped their lives and beliefs. Today the legend of Izanagi and Izanami remains a popular Japanese creation myth.

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Japan's geography definately influences what they they do, their culture, the way they do things in their daily lives.

They sit on the western edge of the Pacific, which is probably why Japan has the nickname of "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan was also known to be started by legendary gods, and it was called The Imaginary Islands.

The first people ever known to set foot on these "Imaginary Islands", were people migrating from the Asian mainland.

An unknown old culture, called Ainu,were the first people to claim themselves as the Japanese. This culture somehow turned into the current culture people.

Let's take a look at what else happened in Japanese history.

As you can see, John Green does a fabulous job of describing the culture and differences in this society.

Japan didn't get everything they are today without influences. Their nearby surrounding countries, Korea and China have majorly influenced them in different ways. Korea provided the spread of Buddhism, many types of art, and pagoda architecture. China provided writing, fashion, food, tea, and, governmental ideas.

Here are some fun facts about Japan:

Raw horse meat is a popular food in Japan. More than 70% of Japan consists of mountains, including more than 200 volcanoes. Religion does not play a big role in the lives of most Japanese and many do not understand the difference between Shintoism and Buddhism. However, there are also many Japanese who do understand the difference.There are four different writing systems in Japan; Romaji, Katakana, Hiragana, and Kanji. Coffee is very popular and Japan imports approximately 85% of Jamaica's annual coffee production. Japan's literacy rate is almost 100%. Sumo is Japan's national sport, although baseball is also very popular. Japan is the world’s largest consumer of Amazon rain forest timber. On average there are around 1,500 earthquakes every year in Japan. In Japan it is not uncommon to eat rice at every meal, including breakfast. Average life expectancy in Japan is one of the highest in the world. Japanese people live an average of 4 years longer than Americans.

Now that you some some important facts, let's conclude this portion with a video.

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