Geo - City Profile
Introduction - Shanghai
Shanghai is a Chinese municipality located between the Zhejiang Province Jiangsu Province. It is the Largest city in China and the largest city in the world by population. With a population of over 24 million, it is the financial centre of Asia and the world's busiest container port. As a popular tourist destination, Shanghai houses a large amount of historical landmarks such as the bund and the city god temple.It is frequently described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of mainland China.
Modern Shanghai now lies on the country's east coast and is located in the center of an expanding peninsula between the Yangtze River Delta to the north and Hangzhou Bay to the south. formed by modern land reclamation projects. The provincial-level Municipality of Shanghai administers both the eastern area of the peninsula and many of its surrounding islands. Bordering on the north and west by Jiangsu, and on the south and east by Zhejiang, Its northernmost point is on Chongming Island,the second-largest island in mainland China.
As the commercial and financial centre of mainland China, shanghai ranks 16th in the 2015 edition of the Global Financial Centres Index .It was once the largest and most prosperous city in Asia during the 1930s, and had been rapidly redeveloped during 1990s.This is exemplified by the Pudong District, a former swampland reclaimed to serve as a pilot area for economic reforms. By 2009, the Shanghai Stock Exchange ranked third among worldwide stock exchanges , as Shanghai rises into a world financial city.
Characterised by its location on the Yangtze River Delta on China's east coast and its proximity to the Pacific Ocean via the East China Sea, The city of shanghai is centred on the Huangpu River, a tributary of the Yangtze River, and extends outwards in all directions. Affected by it's geography, the metropolitan area is constructed along the Huangpu river, with a fair amount of population surrounding it and it's tributaries.
"New York may be the city that never sleeps, but Shanghai doesn't even sit down, and not just because there is no room." Patricia Marx
How Is the city of Shanghai planned?
- How does the demography of shanghai affect it's urban planning?
-How does the geography of shanghai affect it's urban planning?
As Shanghai emerges from the cultural revolution and kickstarts it's economic development, interactions among the population,environment, and the economy challenges the sustainability of Shanghai in pursuing its development goals. As the dynamics and implications of population change in Shanghai, the necessity for urban sustainable development surfaced . Under the enormous pressure of population growth, energy consumption, and environmental pollution, Shanghai is in need of developing strategies to ensure its urban sustainability.
The city of Shanghai is planned with many things in mind - which includes Spatial dispersion of local population ,Rural-urban migration and Industrial relocation and expansion, with most of it's local population centred in the metropolitan area, and the migrant population situated at the outer rims of the metropolitan area, while having the FDI establishments spread across shanghai, and the industrial establishments all over the peninsula.
As the most populated city in China, spatial diversion of population is especially important .Thus , instead of centralising local population in the metropolitan areas like smaller sized cities such as hong kong , the population of shanghai is widely spread across the entire region, as shown below.
Looking into the future
As the population growth of Shanghai continues to increase in a ridiculous rate, more advanced aspects of urban planning, such as sustainability and and dynamics, are emerging to encounter the ever expanding demographics. Moreover, the metropolitan area of Shanghai is expected to further expand in size in all directions.
"The rise or fall of Shanghai means the birth or death of the whole nation."
-Chiang Kai Shek