Medals and Awards given during or after the War
By: Mary Kate Murphy, Period 8, 5/21/14
- Medal of Honor- This was the highest award given. To be awarded this you had to have risked your life for the United States. You had to be brave and be self-concerned.
- Distinguished Service Cross- This was awarded to a person who was a hero but was not awarded the Medal of Honor. Their heroism has to be so notable that they risked their life.
- Silver Star- The Silver Star was awarded to any person in the armed forces that was cited for gallantry. They must nevertheless have performed with marked distinction.
- Navy Cross- The Navy Cross was awarded to navy or Marine Corps who showed heroism but were not awarded the Medal of Honor.
- Croix de Guerre (France)- Awarded for bravery in the military mentioned by a general or commanding officer.
- Order of Leopold II (Belgium)- Awarded to Belgians for service to the Sovereign of Belgium.
- Order of St. Anne (Russia)- This was awarded to people for distinguished career in civil service for the military
- Military Cross and Medal (Great Britain)- This was a medal to recognize the gallantry of junior officers in the war.
- If you lose a medal or award, you cannot replace it. However, you can have a replica made of it.
- During the war the army medal office started to keep a record of all the medals and awards each person received.