Unit 3- Division, Reconciliation, and Expansion 1860-1914
March 10, 2014
English 111 Honors
- 1890- Sherman Anti Trust Law.
- 1890- Yosemite Park created by Act of Congress.
- 1891- First international copyright law.
- 1892- Democrat and former president Grover Cleveland is elected over opponent Benjamin Harrison, with Populist candidate James B. Weaver coming in as a strong third.
- 1893- Financial panic of 1893.
- 1895- Cuban rebellion.
- 1897- William Mckinley is inaugurated as president . After being elected to a second term in 1900, he is assassinated in 1901.
- 1903- 17 December. Orville Wright flies 120 feet in 12 seconds in the first heavier- than-air machine.
- 1904- National Child Labor Committee formed.
- 1909- Bakelite, an early form of plastic, is patented.
- 1912- 15 April. The Titanic strikes an iceberg, and 1502 lives are lost because the ship did not carry enough lifeboats.
- 1912- At the Democratic Convention, the Democrats nominate Woodrow Wilson after William Jennings Bryan throws his support to Wilson after the 46th ballot.
- 1913- The Sixteenth Amendment is ratified; it provides for a graduated national income tax.
- 1913- The Sixteenth Amendment, which provides for the popular election rather than the appointment of senators, is passed.
Douglass was born on a Marylan plantation. Horistorians believe that his name at birth was Frederick Augustus Bailey. At the age of eight, he was sent asa a slave to the Baltimore home of the Auld family, where he learned to read and write. Learning became an unquenchable thirst for Douglass. As his knowledge grew, so did his desire for freedom. At age twenty he escaped to Massachusetts, a free state, and took the surname Douglass to avoid arrest as a fugitive. In 1841, despite the fear of being arrested, Douglass began lecturing against slavery and for civil rights for all people. Rumors spread that a man of such eloquence could not possibly have been a slave. In response, Douglass published his first autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself (1845). Fearing re-enslavement, Douglass then fled to England, where he worked to gain British support for the abolitionist movement in the United States. After English friends raised money to buy his freedom, Douglass returned to the United States, founded a newspaper for African Americans, and resumed lecturing. In 1855, he published My Bondage and My Freedom, an updated version of his autobiography. After slavery was abolished, Douglass fought vigorously for civil rights for African American. He became a consultant to President Lincoln and held several government positions, including United Stated to Haiti. in 1883, Douglass said, "I expect to see the colored people of this country enjoying the same freedom, voting at the same ballot-box, . . . going to the same schools, attuning the same churches, . . . proud of the same country, fighting the same foe, and enjoying the same peace and all its advantages. . . . "
Title/Author Page (521)- From My Bondage and My Freedom by Frederick Douglass
Main Characters- Mistress Mrs. Auld, Family