Rebuild Athens

By: Katelynn Dale 5th Hour

We've finally rebuilt Athens and we want you to come see it!

  Well people, after a long time of working, we've done it! We've rebuilt Athens! It's now better than ever!

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Today we opened the new Athens to the public and we could clearly tell they were interested in learning about Athens and it's people. Like, did you know that Athenians loved to talk and argue? Well, they did. The great philosopher Socrates was sentenced to death for leading young people to error and disloyalty. He forced people to think about their beliefs and ask questions.

Socrates was kind of like the god of philosophy but when it comes o science, all the other real gods are in charge. The Greek believed that the gods and goddesses controlled a lot of things including health and sickness.  They didn't have a lot of understanding about the human body because they believed that if you cut the body open, it offended the gods. When somebody got sick, they believed it was a punishment sent by the gods, but a ordinary Greek man  named Hippocrates changed their thinking in an extraordinary way. He acted as a doctor with his work, by carefully observing, and writing down what he saw.

Yes! So now they know  the gods do not control the body! But, gods didn't give the answer to nature. Answers to natures mysteries were found in mathematics. The scientist Pythagoras thought numbers were the key to understanding nature. A lot of Greeks were fascinated about geometry and math. They used numbers in a ton of things like how to lay out a city or find how much seeds to buy for planting a field. For more than 2,000 years, mathematician Euclid’s geometry textbook was used for teaching geometry. The Greeks created a system of longitude and latitude to help describe where where places were.

Okay, I think it's pretty cool that they created an amazing system of longitude and latitude. But what's even more amazing, is that they would build theses extraordinary and cool temples for gods and goddesses. They used three columns. The columns include:
Doric column (the simplest). The Doric column had no base and got slimmer towards the top. The Ionic column. The ionic column was thinner, sat on a base and had spirals cover the top. And the Corinthian  (hardest, most complex). The Corinthian column had carvings that looked like leaves on the top. I wonder how hard it was to build those columns?

Okay, so building columns must have took a lot of strength and time, but so did sports. The Greeks valued a healthy body, especially for some of the events put on like horse and chariot races, men would jump off a moving chariot, and foot races. These were for the Olympics. Oh yeah, did I also mention that they they did the pancratium?  In the pancratium, men were allowed to punch, kick, and even choke each other. It only ended when one of the men either surrendered, lost consciousness, or died. They did not mess around when it came to sports. The winners were crowned with wreaths of laurel leaves and given pots filled with olive oil.

The Olympics seem pretty cool, but I like theater better. In Greece, theater was a regular part of life. They named the Dionysus Theater after the god of theater and wine. Greek plays were were songs and dances to honor Dionysus. They began to write plays that told stories. There were no women who were actresses in ancient Greece, the men played all the parts no matter if the character was male or female. They wore masks for their characters and to tell the audience if their character was happy or sad. Otherwise known as comedies and tragedies.

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