Road To Civil War
By: Dania & Laneeja
Education: A major reform to make education available to more children. Horace Mann was a very important man in this movement. Some women weren't not allowed to got to school in some areas
Women's Rights: Women wanted the same rights as men and wanted the right to vote. Many of these women also became abolitionists
Temperance: Was to encourage American's to lower the intake of alcohol. The American Temperance Society was created and they pledged to abstain from drinking alcohol.
Abolition (Anti-slavery): An effort to end slavery in the U.S.
Many of these reforms on impacted the North while the South ignored them and focused more on keeping slavery alive
The belief that expansion of the continental United States was inevitable and justified.
The concept of manifest destiny caused the taking of other lands such as Texas and California.
The North were determined to not let slavery be taken to the west while the South were the complete opposite and were determined to take their slaves with them.
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
Federal laws that allowed for the capture and return of runaway slaves within the territory of the United States. This is significant because many of the free blacks were taken back as slaves even though they were free.
The South use bloodhound dogs and were doing everything possible to get their slaves back
The North opposed this law and created the "Personal Liberty Laws" which forbid the imprisonment of escaped slaves in their states. This angered the Southerners
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and highlighted the evils of slavery. This book made slavery a moral issue. Lincoln met Stowe and said that she was the woman that started the great war.
This is significant because it changed the way of how Americans viewed Slavery.
The North became more aware of the horrors of slavery
The book was banned in the South
Kansas & Nebraska Act (1854)
These were the two new lands open for settlement in the west. The decision of whether or not slavery would exist would be determined by popular sovereignty.
The North and South both proceed to travel to these areas. The North because they didn't want slavery and the South because they did want slavery.
Called "Bloody Kansas" because of the violence and killing between the pro and anti-slavery groups.
Dred Scott Decision (1857)
Dred Scott was a slave but lived in free territory. He sued for his freedom but the Supreme Court stated that he was a black slave and wasn't a citizen. He did not have the right to sue.
This case affirmed the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the Western territories. This nullified the doctrine of popular sovereignty and severely compromised the platform of the newly created Republican Party.
To the Northerners this was an eye-opener. They believed that slavery was endurable if it remained in the South only. Northerners realized they needed to stop it.
The Southerns took this as a victory and said that the Supreme Court supported slavery. They also knew this went against the Missouri Compromise.
Transcontinental Railroad (1869)
A continuous railroad that connected the Pacific coast at San Francisco Bay an existing Eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa
The railroad improved the industrial development of the U.S. and allowed better communication across the nation
The South felt as if they won a prize and the North wanted a railroad for themselves.