Natural Fibers

Natural Fibers & its characteristics

Staple fibers: lower quality, short fibers

filament fibers: Long continuous fibers of higher quality

Cellulosic fibers: fiber from plants

Protein fibers: fibers derived from animals or insects


Cotton- the soft white, downy fiber (boll) attached to the seed of a cotton plant

Characteristics of cotton are strong and durable, absorbent, cool to wear, shrinks in hot water, wrinkles easily.

Care: machine wash, press with warm hot iron, dry at moderate temperatures.

Uses: underwear, socks, shirts / blouses, jeans, towels/sheets


Wool is fiber that forms the coat (fleece) of a sheep

Characteristics: warmest of all natural fibers, Soft and resilient, naturally flame retartdant. Absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton, Shrinks if machine washed or dried unless chemically treated, and Affected by moths.

Uses: Sweaters, Tailored suits, Coats, Blankets, Upholstery, & Rugs, carpets

Proper care: –Dry clean or hand wash in cool water and a mild detergent (according to garment label), Do not place in dryer, Press with cool iron


Flax means the fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant. It is grown and harvested in Eastern Europe.

Characteristics: –Durable and strong, lustrous and smooth, comfortable and cool to wear, wrinkles easily, creases difficult to remove, can be expensive

Common uses: –Pants, blazers, table linens, upholstery

Proper Care: –Hand wash or dry clean (according to garment label), it can also be iron while damp


Silk is the fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm.

Characteristics: –Luxurious appearance and feel, strongest of all natural fibers, drapes nicely, expensive, easily spots if fabric becomes wet, weakens with exposure to sun and perspiration.

Proper care: –Dry clean or hand wash (according to directions), press on wrong side with warm iron

Common uses: –Wedding gowns, lingerie, and men’s ties

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