Unit 3 - Division, Reconciliation, and Expansion 1860-1914

Paul Laurence Dunbar

Tiara Worley
3/14/14
1st Period
English III Honor

Political Events

  • 1861 - The transcontinental telegraph began operating - gave industry access to materials, markets, and communications.
  • 1869 - The new intercontinental rail system inaugurated.
  • 1875 - more than 1,000 millionaires.
  • From 1860-1914 the United States transformed from a small, young, agricultural ex-colony to a huge, modern, industrial nation.
  • Early 19th century - American writers were too flowery, sentimental, or ostentatious.
  • 1890- Yosemite Park created by Act of Congress.
  • 1895 - Strike of trolley workers in Brooklyn, N.Y. leads to riots.
  • 1901 - McKinley is inaugurated for his 2nd term as president. Roosevelt invites Booker T. Washington to the White House.

Social Events

  • 1860 - 31 million people but by 1900 there was about 76 million.
  • January 19, 1896 - First use of X-Rays to treat Breast Cancer.
  • 1904 - National child labor committee formed.
  • 1905 - Industrial workers of the world union organized in Chicago.
  • Panic of 1907 - Financier J.P. Morgan manages the crisis, impacting $100 million in gold to bolster United States Currency.
  • Immigration law excluded Japanese workers.
  • 1909 - W.E.B. Dubois (1868-1963) founds the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
X-ray Machine

Biography

Dunbars Occupations

  • African-American Poet
  • Free-lance newspaper writer
  • Elevator Operator
  • Newsletter Publisher
  • Employee at the library of Congress in Washington, D.C.

Dunbars Life

  • 1878 - At age 6, Dunbar starts to write and recite poetry.
  • June 27, 1892 - First Public Reading.
  • February 9, 1906 - Dunbar dies from tuberculosis at age 33.
  • When Dunbar was 20 years old he already published a newsletter and was publishing his first collection of poetry.
  • Dunbar was born in Dayton, Ohio. He also had homes in Toledo, Ohio as well as Washington, D.C.
  • He was the son of former slaves.

Religion

  • Humanism - little sympathy with dogma, and hated hypocrisy.

Analysis

  • Narrative Poetry - Tells a story.
  • Dramatic Poetry - One or more characters are speaking.
  • Lyric Poetry - Expresses feelings and emotions.

Sound Effects

  • Meter - A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
  • Free verse - Without a regular pattern.
  • Rhyme Scheme - End Rhymes.
  • Onomatopoeia - words that imitate sounds.
  • Alliteration - repeated consonant sounds.
  • Refrain - repeated words, phrases, and lines.

Figures of Speech

  • Simile - Comparison using like or as.
  • Metaphor - Comparison that doesn't use comparing words.
  • Personification - giving human qualities to nonhuman things.
  • Symbol - Person, place, or thing that stands for something else.
  • Hyperbole - exaggeration for the sake of emphasis.

Theme

  • Author - Paul Laurence Dunbar.
"We wear the mask"

Works Cited

"transcontinental telegraph" This week in California history. "Online Image." March 5, 2014.

"Yosemite Park" Britannica Blog. "online image." March 5, 2014.

"X ray wonders" Click Americana. "Online Image." March 5, 2014.

"Paul Laurence Dunbars House" R V. "Online Image." March 5, 2014

"Brief Timeline of American Literature and Events:1910s." Brief Timeline of American Literature and Events:1910s. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

"Paul Laurence Dunbar." Paul Laurence Dunbar. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.