NEW ENGLAND

Massachusetts- In 1620, the Pilgrims founded Plymouth in search of religious freedom.  In 1630, the Puritans founded Boston, also seeking religious freedom.

New Hampshire- Founded in 1623, by proprietors looking for trading and fishing.

Rhode Island- Founded for religious freedom in 1636, by Roger Williams.

Connecticut- Founded in 1636, by Thomas Hooker and other Puritans for religious reasons, but also because Puritans were seeking more land during the Great Migration.

The economy in New England was very wealthy. Rocky soil and long, cold Winters made farming difficult. So,the colonies became industrial. They made water powered grain mills, saw mills, and went fishing. The colonists would then trade the items they made and gathered by way of great excellent harbors.

Government:- Very religious, Theocracy

Town Hall Meetings- Certain people from a town would meet to discuss, and make decisions for their community.

Mayflower Compact- An agreement, created in 1620 by the Pilgrims when they settled in Plymouth, stating their values and how they were going to live in the new world.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- The first Written constitution in America, created in 1636.

PURITANS

-The Puritans were a group of people who believed that the Church of England was corrupt, and they wanted to "purify" it.  After realizing they could not do so, in 1630, a group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop, landed in New England and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

-John Winthrop gave a speech to the Puritan community to bring them together and set a moral code. In this speech, he says, "We shall be as a City Upon a Hill."  This meant that if everyone followed what he said, they would succeed and the other colonies would look up to them and follow their example.

-In colonial times, people believe in witches and evil spirits.  In fact, many things could get a person accused of being a witch, such as talking to yourself, talking to animals, not being able to pray, and even playing shuffle board. When someone was found guilty, they would be killed.  In the town of Salem, a group of girls accused many people of being witches and possessing them. This got dozens of people killed and later became known as the Salem Witch Trials.

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