What They Do

Veterinarians care for the health of animals. They diagnose, treat, and research the medical conditions and of pets, livestock, and other animals. Some of their duties are:

  • Examine animals to diagnose their health problems
  • Diagnose and treat animals for medical conditions
  • Treat and dress wounds
  • Perform surgery on animals
  • Test for and vaccinate against diseases
  • Operate medical equipment, such as x-ray machines
  • Advise animal owners about general care, medical conditions, and treatments
  • Prescribe medication
  • Euthanize animals

some specialties in this job are things like a equine vets. they work with horses. there's also food animal vets. they take care of farm animals like pigs, cattle, and sheep.

Work Evironment

Vets can work in private clinics or they could travel around making house calls it all depends on what type of vet they are. A companion animal vet normally works in a private clinic. And equine and food animal vets tend to travel about making house calls.

When vets work with scared or injured animals they risk being bitten, kicked, and scratched. Also they risk being infected with a disease that an animal has.

Vets often work long hours. And sometimes on weekends or nights. Also they might have to respond to emergencies when off duty. In 2012 1 in 3 vets worked more than 50 hours per week.

How To Become A Vet

Vets must a doctor of veterinary medicine degree at an accredited college of veterinary medicine. Veterinary medical colleges typically require applicants to have taken many science classes, including biology, chemistry, anatomy, physiology, zoology, microbiology, and animal science. all states require vets to have a licence.

Vets must have compassion when working with animals and their owners. Vets must respect the animal and must be sensitive when dealing with the owner of a sick pet. They must also have decision making skills sothey can


In May of 2012 the median annual wage for a vet was $84,460. In May of 2012 the median wage for vets in the federal government was $85,170.


Employment of veterinarians is projected to grow 12 percent from 2012 to 2022.

Similar Occupations

  • Agricultural and Food Scientist-work to ensure that agricultural establishments are productive and food is safe.
  • Animal Care and Service Workers- provide care for animals. They feed, water, groom, bathe, and exercise pets and other non-farm animals. Job tasks vary by position and place of work.
  • Medical Scientists- conduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings.
  • Physicians and Surgeons-diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses. Physicians examine patients; take medical histories; prescribe medications; and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive healthcare. Surgeons operate on patients to treat injuries, such as broken bones; diseases, such as cancerous tumors; and deformities, such as cleft palates.
  • Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers-look after animals in laboratories, animal hospitals, and clinics. They care for the well-being of animals by performing routine tasks under the supervision of veterinarians, scientists, and veterinary technologists and technicians.
  • Veterinary Technologists and Technicians-perform medical tests under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian to help diagnose the illnesses and injuries of animals.
  • Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists-study animals and other wildlife and how they interact with their ecosystems. They study the physical characteristics of animals, animal behaviors, and the impacts humans have on wildlife and natural habitats.

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