Cotton, Wool, Flax, and Silk
Kiera\MRS JENKINS 4TH PERIOD
Natural Fibers: Fibers from plants or animal sources. Cotton: The soft, white, down fiber (boll) attached to the seed of a cotton plant. Most widely used of all natural fibers. Proper care for cotton is machine wash only, tumble dry at moderate temperatures, and press with warm to hot iron. Common uses are underwear, socks, shirts, blouses, jeans, and sheets.
Wool. The fiber that forms the coat (fleece)of sheep. Primary sources are Australia, South America, New Zealand, and United Kingdom. Characteristics are natural insulator; warmest of all natural fibers. Soft and resilient, affected by moths, and naturally flame retardant, etc. Proper care for untreated wool is dry clean or hand wash in cool water and a mild detergent (according to garment label). Do not place in dryer and press with cool iron. Common uses are sweaters, tailored suits, coats, blankets, upholstery, rugs, and carpets.
Flax. The fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant. Characteristics are durable and strong, wrinkles easily, creases can be difficult to remove , lustrous and smooth, comfortable and cool to wear, and can be expensive. Proper care is hand wash or dry clean (according to garment label) and iron while damp. Common uses are pants, blazers, table linens, and upholstery.
Silk. The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm. Characteristics are luxurious appearance and feel, strongest of all natural fibers, drapes nicely, expensive, easily spots if fabric becomes wet, and weakens with exposure to sun and perspiration. Proper care are dry clean or hand wash (according to garment directions), press on wrong side with warm iron. Common uses is wedding gowns, lingerie, and men's ties.