Civil Rights timeline
Brown vs board of education
a. A court case that was the result of a little girl who was unable to attend a white school only a couple blocks from her house, and instead had to travel far through a dangerous rail station in order to reach her all black school.
b. The members of the supreme court, Oliver L. Brown, and Harry Truman.
c. This court case ended legal segregation in public schools.
Boycott of Segregated bus system
a. A boycott in which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery Alabama to protest segregated seating for 381 days.
b. The people that were involved were the freedom riders, Rosa Parks, Bus drivers, and all others that rode the city buses.
c. The Supreme Court ruled that Montgomery have an integrated busing system.
Integration of central highschool
a. Accompanied by the US Army's 101st Airborne Division, nine black students were brought into Little Rock High School which was one of the most segregated communities in Arkansas. President Eisenhower sent in 1000 paratroopers to enforce the new order.
b. President Eisenhower, the nine African American Students, and students/adults that attended Little Rock.
c. They were the first African American students to be allowed to go to an integrated school with white students.
First Lunch-counter sit-in
a. The first sit in was done by four students that attended the technical College of Greensboro North Carolina, where they sat down at a whites only dinner counter where blacks were required to stand and eat.
b. The four students, and the owners or hostesses at the restaurant.
c. After the first event, more than 50,000 others participated in sit ins around the country challenging Jim Crow laws.
Black students and civil
rights workers sit in white section of bus station
a. A nonviolent group of local black activists under the leadership of a World War II Veteran sat in the whites section of a bus station.
b. Group of activists, white riders, and drivers of the buses.
c. This was part of the Freedom riders initiative.
Integration of the University of Mississippi
a. James Meredith, an African American man attempted to enroll in the University of Mississippi. The Kennedy administration was forced to call out 31,000 National Guardsmen after brutal riots resulted in many wounded and incarcerated, and two dead.
b. James Meredith, National Guardsmen, members of the riots, and the Mississippi police department.
c. This was the very first attempt for an African American to attend an all white public University.
Murder of NAACP
leader Medgar Evers
a. In the driveway of his home, NAACP leader Medgar Evers was shot to death by Byron De La Beckwith, a white Supremacist.
b. Medgar Evers and Byron De La Beckwith.
c. After the murder, President Kennedy publicly condemned the killing. After Beckwith was pronounced not guilty by two different all white juries, the case was reopened three decades later by a multiracial jury and Beckwith was sentenced to life in prison.
Campaign to desegregate city; four girls killed in bombing of church Oxford
a. A white male had put a large box under the stair of the Sixteenth Street Baptist church, a meeting place for many civil rights leaders, and a bomb exploded while a sunday school session was happening. Four young girls died and twenty-three others were injured.
b. Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Addie Mae Collins, Carole Robertson, the twenty- three injured, and Robert Chambliss; the bomber.
c. Martin Luther King attended and spoke at each of the girls' funerals.
i have a dream
a. Over 250,000 men, women, and children attended a speech given by Martin Luther King in Washington DC. It was one of the first widely televised events. It was a wide spread call for equality and justice for all races.
b. Martin Luther King, and people that attended the speech or watched it on tv.
c. This sparked the March on Washington, a group that met annually to restate blacks demands for equality.
Murder of three
civil rights workers
a. three civil rights workers were murdered in Mississippi after being abducted and shot at close range by the members of the White Knights KKK group. The bodies disappeared for a while, and were found 44 days later buried in the earth.
b. James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner, and the men of the White Knights.
c. The ring leader of the White Knights, Edgar Ray Killen was found guilty many years later of three counts of murder and put him in jail for a sentence of sixty years. This slowed down the local KKK group.
March to Montgomery
a. A march by African Americas that was intended to be a peaceful one, was turned brutal quickly when they were beaten and attacked by billy clubs, and tear gas. The march was in protest of a murder and the denial of their right to vote. 600 people were attacked by state troopers and deputies dressed in riot gear.
b. Marchers, State troopers, and deputies.
c. President Lyndon Johnson made a famous speech to a joint session of Congress introducing voting rights legislation.
murder of martin luther king jr.
a. On Thursday, April 4, 1968, at the age of 39, an African American activist by the name of Martin Luther King Jr. was shot. After being rushed to St. Josephs Hospital in Memphis Tennessee he passed away.
b. Martin Luther King Jr., James Earl Ray(gunman), and the doctors and nurses at St. Josephs Hospital.
c. As one of the biggest faces of the Civil Rights movement, King has remained the most widely known African-American leader. There is a day known as Martin Luther King Jr. Day spread around the country.