Born January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, Jackie Robinson became the first black player in the major leagues in 1947, signing with the Brooklyn Dodgers. Throughout his decade-long career with the Dodgers, Robinson made advancements in the cause of civil rights for black athletes. In 1955, he helped the Dodgers win the World Series. He retired in 1957 with a career batting average of .311. Robinson died in Connecticut in 1972. Before becoming a professional baseball player, Jackie Robinson played football for the Honolulu Bears. While serving as a lieutenant for the U.S. Army in 1944, Jackie Robinson was court-martialed after refusing to move to the back of a segregated bus. He was ultimately acquitted.Jackie Robinson became the first black player in the major leagues in 1947, signing with the Brooklyn Dodgers.Jackie Robinson had an older brother, Matthew, who won a silver medal in the 200-meter dash at the 1936 Olympics. He came in second to Jesse Owens.After retiring from baseball, Robinson helped establish the African American-owned and -controlled Freedom Bank. He went to John muir high school.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Cairo, Georgia
- PLACE OF DEATH:, Connecticut
- ORIGINALLY: Jack Roosevelt Robinson
- Alot of games were cancelled because teams refused to play a team who had a black player. He received numerous amounts of threatening letters, was segregated from his team in cities they had to stay over night in, and when they finally started playing in the season, he was harassed more then any other player. When he reached the actual major leagues and played for the Dodgers in 1947, while he was fielding, players slid into base and tried to puncture his leg with their spikes. On several occasions he was severely spiked to where his leg was bloody and was knocked to the ground. He also had many balls thrown at his head as well. But while this all happened, guess what he did? Just turned the other cheek. He was known for having a short temper, but was some how able to control it and never retaliated in anyway. He always kept a positive attitude and never blamed the whites for anything even though he knew a lot of the violence that was thrown against him was intentional. He conquered adversity every time something was thrown at him.