Growth and Developement

Human Development refers to growth of intellect, growth of social skills, and ability to cope with more complex situations, GROWTH refers to physical aspects like height.

Cognitive abilities mean thought, awareness, and meaning comprehension.

Physical Development

Human growth begins the moment fertilization occurs. The main concept of that in simple terms is when the sperm hits the egg----those two people have lost control...Nature doesn't wait for a positive pregnancy test to move forward.  Rapid prenatal growth makes the developing human susceptible to environmental factors from toxins ingested from the outside. This is why it is important that all medications and supplements be reviewed by the physician taking care of pre-pregnant and pregnant woman. Even OTC (over-the-counter) products, actually especially because a lot of people assume these are safe if you don't NEED a prescription, that is not true!!

The fetal heart begins to beat within 1st month gestation and hopefully doesn't stop until you have had a long productive life! Can you apply your MT Nervous System, what part of the nervous system CNS regulates the vital signs such as heartbeat?? Anyone? Buehler? MEDULLA OBLONGATA. :)

Your Here!!

Infancy- Birth to 1 year

Tactile stimulation needed for normal development

Eriksons stage Trust vs. mistrust


Toddler-1-3 years

Eriksons stage Autonomy vs. shame and doubt


Preschooler 3-6 years

Eriksons Stage Initiative vs. guilt


School aged 6-12 years

Eriksons stage Industry vs. Inferiority


Adolescence 12-20 years

Eriksons stage Identity vs. role confusion


Young Adulthood 20's and 30's

memory and problem solving skills are great and sharp at this stage!

And motor sensory skills peak AND begin to decline in this stage!!!

Eriksons stage Intimacy vs. isolation


Middle  Adulthood 40-65 (thats us Ms. Woods!)

Eriksons stage Generativity vs. Stagnation


Later Adulthood  65-death

Eriksons stage Ego Intehgrity vs. despair

SAFETY FIRST PRIORITY FOR CHILDREN!!!!! List 5 precautions you need to tell parents to take to keep their children safe...

Psychosocial Developement

psychosocial development: the development of the personality, including the acquisition of social attitudes and skills, from infancy through maturity

Erikson's Psychosocial Stages Summary Chart Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development

Erik Erikson described development that occurs throughout the lifespan.Based on theory that life consists of these stages and conflicts that must be resolved for development to happen!

StageBasic ConflictImportant EventsOutcomeInfancy (birth to 18 months)

Trust vs. MistrustFeedingChildren develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliabilty, care, and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.

Early Childhood (2 to 3 years)

Autonomy vs. Shame and DoubtToilet TrainingChildren need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt.

Preschool (3 to 5 years)

Initiative vs. GuiltExplorationChildren need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.

School Age (6 to 11 years)

Industry vs. InferioritySchoolChildren need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.

Adolescence (12 to 18 years)

Identity vs. Role ConfusionSocial RelationshipsTeens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.

Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years)

Intimacy vs. IsolationRelationshipsYoung adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation.

Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years)

Generativity vs. StagnationWork and ParenthoodAdults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.

Maturity(65 to death)

Ego Integrity vs. DespairReflection on LifeOlder adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair

Quiz - Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial DevelopmentTest Your Psychosocial Development Knowledge

The theory of psychosocial development proposed by Erik Erikson is one of the best-known theories of personality. Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages and described the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. Test your knowledge of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development in this quiz.

Question: Jane, a preschooler, insists on dressing herself each morning for school, even though she generally selects mismatching outfits, misses buttons, and wears her shoes on the wrong feet. When her mother tries to dress Jane or fix her outfit, Jane brushes her mother off and insists on doing it herself. What stage of psychosocial development best describes Jane’s behavior?

Trust vs. Mistrust

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

Initiative vs. Guilt

Industry vs. Inferiority

Death and Dying

People who have terminal illness often feel isolated and are afraid to talk about death and dying to others. Please do not avoid this with patients...they need to talk and we need to listen,...What if it was YOU!?

The Kübler-Ross model, or the five stages of grief, is a series of emotional stages experienced when faced with impending death or death of someone. The five stages are denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance.

The model was first introduced by Swiss Psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book, On Death and Dying, and was inspired by her work with terminally ill patients.while working as an instructor at the University of Chicago's medical school.

The stages, popularly known by the acronym DABDA (I would know these)

  1. Denial — As the reality of loss is hard to face, one of the first reactions to follow the loss is Denial. The person is trying to shut out the reality or magnitude of his/her situation, and begins to develop a false, preferable reality.
  2. Anger — Once in the second stage, the individual recognizes that denial cannot continue. Because of anger, the person is very difficult to care for due to misplaced feelings of rage and envy. The person in question can be angry with himself, or with others, or at a higher power, and especially those who are close to them. Certain psychological responses of a person undergoing this phase would be: "Why me? It's not fair!"; "How can this happen to me?"; '"Who is to blame?"; "Why would God let this happen?"
  3. Bargaining — The third stage involves the hope that the individual can somehow undo or avoid a cause of grief. Usually, the negotiation for an extended life is made with a higher power in exchange for a reformed lifestyle. Other times, they will use anything valuable as a bargaining chip against another human agency to extend or prolong the life they live. In essence, the individual cannot totally move into acceptance yet acknowledges the fact that what has happened cannot be undone.
  4. Depression — "I'm so sad, why bother with anything?"; "I'm going to die soon so what's the point?"; "I miss my loved one, why go on?"
    During the fourth stage, the grieving person begins to understand the certainty of death, the idea of living becomes pointless. Things begin to lose meaning to the griever. Because of this, the individual may become silent, refuse visitors and spend much of the time crying and sullen. This process allows the grieving person to disconnect from things of love and affection, possibly in an attempt to avoid further trauma. Depression could be referred to as the dress rehearsal for the 'aftermath'. It is a kind of acceptance with emotional attachment. It is natural to feel sadness, regret, fear, and uncertainty when going through this stage. Feeling those emotions shows that the person has begun to accept the situation. Oftentimes, this is the ideal path to take, to find closure and make their ways to the fifth step, Acceptance.
  5. Acceptance — "It's going to be okay."; "I can't fight it, I may as well prepare for it."
    In this last stage, individuals begin to come to terms with their mortality or inevitable future, or that of a loved one, or other tragic event. This stage varies according to the person's situation. People dying can enter this stage a long time before the people they leave behind, who must pass through their own individual stages of dealing with the grief. This typically comes with a calm, retrospective view for the individual, and a stable mindset.

Not everyone goes through all the stages and not always in order! This is just a theory to help us as HCP's take great holistic care of all of our patients! And be applied to ANY FORM OF LOSS, not just the dying patient. What types of loss can you think of  that would greatly affect somebody and be a major loss?   If no can think of any...

Page 199 in book-whoever has their book please read the power pointed types of losses....

I couldn't just end with death and loss as all bad.......

This video shows a little more detail belief of a Tibetin religion just as example, not to persuade...