Properties of Matter

By Cameron Clevenger, for 5th grade science class teacher Mrs. Fox

Mass is a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and often of considerable size: a mass of dough. Another term for mass is "crowd."

Volume is the amount of space that a substance or object occupies, or that is enclosed within a container, esp. when great. another term for volume is "amount."

The definition of weight is a body's relative mass or the quantity of matter contained by it, giving rise to a downward force; the heaviness of a person or thing. Another term for weight is "Gravity."

Volume is the mass per unit volume of a substance under specified conditions of pressure and temperature. Another term for density is "quantity."

Buoyancy is the ability or tendency to float in water or air or some other fluid. Another term for buoyancy is "resilient."

This is a magnet, magnets have two ends, and north pole and a south pole, oppisites poles attract each other, while the same poles push away from one another. Another term for magnetism is "pull."

Solubility is the quantity of a particular substance that can dissolve in a particular solvent (yielding a saturated solution.) Another term for solubility is "dissolvable."

Matter is the three traditional states of matter. Solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container); "the solid state of water is called ice." Another term for this is "element."

The melting point is the temperature at which a given solid will melt. Another term for melting point is "ebullition."

The boiling point is the temperature at which a liquid boils and turns to vapor. Another term for this is "Intensity."

The freezing point is the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid when cooled. Another term for freezing point is "cooling."

Insulate is to protect (something) by interposing material that prevents the loss of heat or the intrusion of sound. Another term for insulate is "Isolate."

Conducting heat is a measure of the ability of a substance to conduct heat, determined by the rate of heat flow normally through an area in the substance divided by the area and by minus the component of the temperature gradient in the direction of flow. Another term for this is "Thermal Conductivity."