Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci was born in Italy in 1452 and lived until the age of 67. He was an intelligent, genius writer, painter, engineer, mathematician, anatomist, and inventor. He received an informal education in Latin, math, and geometry. At the age of 14 he became the apprentice of the best artist in Florence: Verrocchio. At the age of twenty, he qualified as master in the Guild of St Luke which was the guild of artists and doctors of medicine.
Some of Da Vinci's best paintings are the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and The Virgin of the Rocks. In these paintings all the innovative techniques which he used in laying on the paint, his detailed knowledge of anatomy, light, botany and geology, his interest in physiognomy and the way in which humans register emotion in expression and gesture can be seen.
Leonardo also was interested in anatomy. He dissected human corpses and drew detailed pictures of many internal organs, muscles, and ligaments that helped doctors understand the human body better. He drew a cultural icon called the Vitruvian Man which is on various items like the euro coin, textbooks, and T-shirts.
His notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, compose a contribution to later generations of artists. He even outlined a theory of plate tectonics. Up until his death he continued to sculpt and paint. He died in May of 1519. He was regarded as the man who knew the most in the world as not only painting sculpture and architecture, but philosophy as well.