Infection with the herpes simplex virus, commonly known as herpes, can be due to either herpes simplex virus 1 or 2.HSV-1 causes orolabial herpes / herpes labialis, which is recognised as the periodic appearance of “cold sores” or painful ulcers around the mouth area Infected persons will often experience a tingling, itching or burning sensation around their mouth, before the appearance of sores.HSV-1 is most contagious during an outbreak of orolabial herpes, but can also be transmitted when no symptoms are felt or visible.

Where and how did the disease originate?

History of the virus spreads as early as the 1900s. Studies began to define various strains of the virus and in 1919by a man name of Lowenstein confirmed scientists' suspicion that herpes was infectious.Herpes Virus Infections have been prevalent as early as ancient Greek times.


  • Kissing.
  • Touching the person’s skin, such as pinching a child’s cheek.
  • Sharing objects such as silverware, lip balm, or a razor.
  • Sexual activities.

What does this say about the country

At the beginning of the 1980s various reports began to emerge in California and New York of a small number of men who had been diagnosed with rare forms of cancer and/or pneumonia.The first AIDS cases among black Americans were also identified in the early 1980s.Progress is exciting, with 700,000 less HIV infections last year than in 2001, 1 but still we see the need for awareness at all levels.In 26 of 31 countries with a generalised epidemic, fewer than 50 percent of young women have comprehensive and correct knowledge about HIV and AIDS.

Major Outbreak

Reactivation can lead to signs and symptoms of an outbreak, which may include painful blisters or sores. Often, though, outbreaks are mild and appear as fissures or irritation, with little to no pain or discomfort.More common triggers include trauma to the skin or genital mucosa