M23 Rebellion in DR Congo
"Rwanda Protecting M23 DR Congo Rebels' "
This article talked about how after the Congolese Army beat the rebel group know as M23, many have been seeking refuge with the help of the Rwandan government. Although Rwanda denied having anything to do with helping these rebels, reporters found where these rebels have been taking refuge. The reporters stated that they found the men holding on to a fence peering out from it. When they talked to the me , they found out that many of them are fed up with waiting and already want to return to Rwanda. Although one might think otherwise, the men here are actually living under good conditions. There was a garden, buildings, and tents where they sleep in grouos of six. They are allowed to keep their phones on them and they rarely leave, only to go visit the doctor.
Source: "Rwanda 'protecting M23 DR Congo Rebels' - BBC News." BBC News. BBC News, 5 June 2014. Web. 05 May 2015.
- Who are the main opponents?
- The two main opponents in this war are the M23 Rebels and the Congolese Army from the DR Congo.
- Any other countries involved or concerned?
- It has been confirmed by the United Nations officials that Rwanda and Uganda have been helping this rebel group out by providing them with weapons and artillery. It is know that Rwanda is still angry about the genocide carried out by the Hutus and they are willing to help out any rebel group who is willing to wipe out the remaining Hutus who were involved in this genocide.
- How is this conflict being conducted (i.e., what tactics: terrorist attacks, suicide bombers, drones… etc.)?
- The insecurity caused by fighting between the Congolese army and the M23 ongoing since April has made a humanitarian crisis. There are 2.4 million internally displaced persons and 460,000 refugees in neighboring countries. The United Nations has reported human rights violations committed by both sides of the conflict, including sexual violence and looting. M23 has also recruited children into armed conflict.
- What was the cause of the conflict (as far as you can tell)?
- Thus rebel group was formed by former Tutsis that where a part of the Congolese army because the deal that was made in March 23, 2009 was broke. Many stated that they were mistreated after being integrated into the army, were not paid enough and that the military lacked vital resources. Another problem stems from the hate toward the Hutsi people. After the Rwandan genocide, many of the people that were involved in the massacres fled to DR Congo seeking refuge. Many of the people in M23 are Tutsis that had been living in the areas for a very long time and they are angry because the DR Congo government has not done anything to deal with these Hutus.
- What efforts are being taken to solve the problem non-violently? Include your evaluation of the effectiveness of these peacemaking efforts or suggestion for what would be more effective.
- The M23 rebel group tried many times to talk things out with the government but they Congolese Army wanted nothing to do with them and ignored their requests.