Rise of Feudal States

Tanya Bhutani and Samantha Bernal

Background Information:

Brief Video describing the Background information and what came before the Feudal States and the what came during the Feudal States Period.

 Rise of Feudalism

Essential Question

How did the the Fall of Rome impact the development of the a Feudal States?

Effects of barbarian invasion on Europe

In 475 CE Rome was conquered by Barbarians and there was never another emperor to rule. The Romans were doomed to fall so many fled from barbarian troops and went to
Italy but this made the empire even more weaker than before because they are too far away from the capital to be ruled. The Romans were known to offer conquered people full Roman citizenship and they could enter the Roman army to add more people and make the army even stronger, there were also mercenaries that were hired. The mercenaries were only interested in getting wealthy and had only a little bit of loyalty towards their commanders. Soon the army was filled with people in the Roman army who didn't even care about the Romans well being, this backfired because then there were barbarians inside the empire as well as outside. All of theses reasons and many others were the reason for the fall of the Roman Empire, however there are many other theories over the fall of Rome but the attacks of barbarians is the most supported theory by professionals.

Reasons why feudal states emerged

For safety and defense, people in the Middle Ages began to settle in small communities around the lord or King. Most people lived on a manor, which was made up of the castle, the church, the village, and the farm land. These manors were “isolated”, with occasional visits from peddlers, pilgrims on their way to the Crusades, or soldiers.

In this "feudal" system, the king awarded land grants or "fiefs" to his most important nobles, barons, and bishops, in return for their contribution of soldiers for the king's armies. At the lowest echelon of society were the peasants, also called "villeins." In exchange for living and working on his land, the lord offered his peasants protection.

The Franks

The Franks

A group of western german people, the Franks became the most important of all the barbarians to establish a kingdom in the old Western Roman Empire. From the late fifth century to the rise of the Vikings in the 10th century, they ruled large sections of Western Europe in two succeeded dynasties: the Merovingian dynasty and the Carolingian dynasty. The Franks settled along the Rhine River in two groups: the Ripuarian Franks along the middle Rhine and the more important Salian Franks along the lower Rhine. “Their origins remain unsure of, as demonstrated by the uncertain meaning of their name, which has been interpreted as "the brave," "the fierce," "the wild," and "the free." Whatever their exact origins, the Franks went on to become the most succeeded of the successors of the Roman Empire and showed off a long line of prominent kings and queens, including Clovis, Saint Clotilda, Brunhilde, Fredegund, Pippin the Short, Charlemagne, and Louis the Pious. They appeared in history for the first time in the third century CE, when they exploited the weakness of the Roman Empire and invaded Gaul. During the fourth and fifth centuries, the Franks maintained a mixed relationship with the Roman Empire. Many of the Franks served in the Roman armies and rose high in the military and civil ranks of the empire.

Charlemagne and The Carolingian Empire

The first and original king of the Carolingian empire was Pippin the Short who wedded Bertrada of Laon and had two sons. After the death of Pepin the Short he decided it was best to instead of giving the empire to the eldest son he’d split it in half. The carolingian empire was divided into two portions which was Charlemagne and his younger brother Carloman however there was a tensions between them two because they both wanted to be the sole ruler but instead their father split his kingdom in two so the brothers could rule the Carolingian Empire together. After the death of Charlemagne the empire soon crumbled even though he had a lot of religious support from the pope, the downfall of the Carolingian empire was due to the brothers being unable to work together for the empire because there was no singular heir the relationship between the two affected the empire in a negative way, weakening their empire.

Charlemagne and the holy roman church

Charlemagne (c.742-812) was also known as Charles the Great or Carolus Magnus, was the son of Pippin the Short who was the first Carolingian king. Charlemagne ruled the Franks and eventually became the official king of the Franks. His goal was to unite all the tribes around the area into one great empire. Not only did he just want to conquer them but he also wanted to convert everyone he conquered to Christianity. Charlemagne was eventually crowned as the King of the Romans by Pope Leo III. He was not the original ruler of his fathers kingdom his brother, Carloman, was also given a portion to rule but tensions ran high between the brothers since they both wanted to rule the entire kingdom. However the younger brother, Carloman, was said to have suddenly died in war making Charlemagne the ruler of the entire kingdom because he took his deceased brothers share of the land to rule. Charlemagne is very important to the Middle ages and has made an indent in history even generations after his death by being a model for being the perfect Christian kingship. Charlemagne's achievements were left unsurpassed and he is said to be the greatest king in the Middle Ages.

Brief Summary of Charlemagne and his legacies...

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Critical Thinking Question

What impact did the Nobles and the Lords have on the Feudal States?

Without the Noblemen and Lords the feudal states wouldn't have risen, they played an important part on the development of feudal states. If Noblemen were never there the people wouldn't have someone to work for in exchange for shelter and protection.

Once again....Essential Question

How did the the Fall of Rome impact the development of the a Feudal States?

When the Roman Empire fell there was no one to protect the people like the the Roman Military had done. The people were vulnerable and decided to turn to noblemen or lords. The noble man decided to have them work for them in exchange for shelter and protection. This created a system in which the two classes could cooperate peacefully while receiving something mutually.

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Works Cited

Websites and Pictures Used:

" ." Integrated Curriculum in Secondary Education: Geography and History-2ºESO The Break-up of Mediterranean Unity. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

Emmons, Jim Tschen. "feudalism." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"Franks." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"Charlemagne | King of the Franks | Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire." Charlemagne | King of the Franks | Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Barbarian Invasions (European History)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"MapEurope1500-1700." MapEurope1500-1700. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Charlemagne." By Verena / 500px. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. (Picture only)

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