Section 1: The Industrial Revolution

Sub-section heading: The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain

  • Key point: Changes in Cotton Production

(technological advances, fewer steps in the process)

  • Key point: Contributing Factors

(abundant food supplies, much fewer agricultural practices, investment practices, plentiful amount of natural resources)

  • Key point: The Coal and Iron Industries

(vast amount of coal, tied into the railroad business)

  • Key point: New Factories

(textiles, created a new labor system, new system of work for lower class, created much more profit)

  • Key point: Railroads

(efficient way of moving and transporting goods and services, ran on the plentiful amount of coal)

Sub-section heading: The Spread of Industrialization

  • Key point: Europe

(began in Europe, vast trade expanded outward)

  • Key point: North America

(transferred to North America, helped form a better community and ideas for other countries)

Sub-section heading: Social Impact of Europe

  • Key point: Growth of Population in Cities

(lack of agriculture created bigger city populations)

  • Key point: The Industrial Middle Class

(more job opportunities and production created for a middle class)

  • Key point: The Industrial Working Class
  • Key point: Early Socialism
  • Key point: Young Laborers

Important Vocab:

  • Cotton Industry: when cotton was being made in one’s own home, usually for their use only
  • Capital: money for a specific purpose
  • Entrepreneurs: those interested in finding new ways to invest and make money off of new business ideas
  • Puddling: a new way in which to process iron, invented by Henry Cort
  • Industrial Capitalism: an economic system based off industrial production
  • Socialism: a society, usually in the form of government that owns and controls the means of production

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