Africanized Killer Bee
By: Anacaren Chavez
- Africanized honey bees also known as "killer bees", are a hybrid of the Western honey bee species.
- The first permanent colonies arrived in Texas, from Mexico, in 1990.
- In 1994 studies found that only 15 percent of bees had been Africanized; this number had grown to 90 percent by 1997.
What's the big deal?
- Heighten defensive behavior
- Tends to swarm more frequently and go farther than other types of honey bees
- Guards the hive aggressively, with a larger alarm zone around the hive
- Has greater defensiveness when in a resting swarm, compared to other honey bee types
- Deploys in greater numbers for defense
Spread into the U.S.
In areas of suitable temperate climate, the survival traits of Africanized colonies help them outperform European honey bee colonies.
- superior work ethic.
- are consistently up and out of the hive earlier, often at the crack of dawn
- reputation as superior honey producers
- show a higher resistance to several health issues
- Africanized Honey Bees affects the honey industry (with an annual value of $140 million dollars) and general pollination of orchards and field crops (with an annual value of $10 billion dollars)
- Mate with EHB (European honeybees)
- Can be costly for farmers
- Affects tourism (California, Texas, Arizona and other