By. Jessica Lee

Basic Structures

  Carbohydrates are organic compounds with a structure that consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with a ratio of hydrogen twice that of carbon and oxygen. It include sugars, starches, cellulose and many other compounds found in living organisms. In their basic form, carbohydrates are simple sugars.

Function/Building Block

  • Building Block: Monosaccharide (Simple Sugar)
  • Providing energy and regulation of blood glucose.
  • Sparing the use of proteins for energy.
  • Breakdown of fatty acids and preventing ketosis.
  • Biological recognition processes.
  • Flavor and sweeteners.
  • Dietary fiber.


  • Cereals
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits/100% juice
  • Milk
  • Sports Drinks