2)vines 3)sloth 4)tiger
The definition of carrying capacity is the max number of animals an ecosystem can hold.
The Jaguar is an example of carrying capacity. The amazon rainforest is being deforested and less forest means that the jaguar has less space for a territory. This decreases the carrying capacity of the jaguars in the rainforest. A lack of prey like spider monkeys is also something that affects the carrying capacity of jaguars,along with an abundance of prey. The amount of water, habitat space etcetera, also affects the rainforests carrying capacity of wild Jaguars.
Preadator/prey relationships Are a good example of limiting factors, factors that affect the carrying capacity of a species. The anteater and the termite is one relationship where if there were less termites, there would be less anteaters, and vise versa.
There are 5 energy roles that organisms play in a food chain: producers,consumers,and decomposers.
Producers are organisms that use the sun to make their own food and are usually plants.
Consumers are organisms that rely on other organisms for food, like herbivores that eat plants primarily for food,like a sambar deer
Carnivores, like tigers, are consumers that eat other animals for food.
Omnivores, like humans, are consumers that eat both plants and animals for food.
Decomposers are organisms that eat organisms that have already died,and a mushroom is one type of decomposer.
A scavanger is simular to a decomposer,but a scavanger is usually an animal,like the king vulture.
Producers are vital to an ecosystem because they're food to herbivores which are food for carnivores and omnivores,and no plants means other animals would die.
Food webs are actually more accurate than food chains because a food web shows all the predator prey relationships in an ecosystem. For example,without coconut trees,fruit bats, macaws,parrots and mor would lose an important source of
Energy pyramids and trophic levels
The reason an energy pyramid is a pyramid is because the pyramid shape shows the leveling up of trophic levels and the decreasing of energy as you move further up. Producers are in the largest level of the food chain and top predators are in the smallest level of the food chain because this actually represents how producers are eaten by many organisms and that top predators aren't eaten by a single thing.