Huntington's Disease

Definition

Huntington's disease is an inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hunt...

This photo shows the difference between a normal brain and a brain that has been affected by Huntingtons Disease.

The arrows show what that part of the brain looked like before Huntingtons and after. You can see that the part of the brain brokedown when affected by Huntingtons.

Causes

Huntington's disease is caused by an inherited defect in a single gene.

This means that a person needs only one copy of the defective gene to develop the disorder from either the Mother or Father but, most likely there Father.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hunt...

                As you can see you are more likely to get the defected gene from your Father then your Mother.

Result

During the course of the disease, some disorders or symptoms appear to be more dominant or have a greater effect on functional ability. Hutingtons affects the bodys movements heavily. Some of the movement disorders include:

  • Involuntary jerking or writhing movements (chorea)
  • Muscle problems, such as rigidity or muscle contracture (dystonia)
  • Difficulty with the physical production of speech or swallowing

Also some of the effects to the body also include cognitive disorders:

  • Difficulty organizing, prioritizing or focusing on tasks
  • Lack of flexibility, in being able to focus on different tasks
  • Lack of impulse control that can result in outbursts, acting without thinking and innapropriate or sexual behavior
  • Lack of awareness of one's own behaviors and abilities

Those are some of the ways Huntington's effects the body.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hunt...

The course of the disease is that as you age the part of the brain that is affected by huntington's begans to decay even further and your ability to think, speak, and move began to slowly decay over time.

Prognosis

The course of the disease is that as you age, the part of the brain that is affected by huntington's began to slowly decay and as you age your ability to move, speak, and think coherently begans to decay.

Infectious??

Since Huntingtons is a genetic disorder which you can get from defected genes that transport to you through your parents.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hunt...

Prevention/Treatment

Some of the symptoms of huntington disease can be managed with medication and therapies. Therapy such as speech and language therapy and regular excersise can help with day-to-day living.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hunt...

Dilemma

The issue with Huntingtons is that you don't know you have it until your 30-40 years old and when you do have it then your genes can be passed on to your children and there children, and so on.

Awareness/Research

There are many large charities to represent and bring awareness to Huntingtons, so instead of choosing a celebrity to bring awareness to the disease, I chose to use Huntingtons Disease Society of America. This charity is a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the lives of everyone affected by Huntington’s disease, including research and community service.

Some of the research that has be conducted on the basis of Huntington's is fetal tissue replacement which is implanting fetal tissue in rodents and nonhuman primates with the hope that success in this area will lead to understanding the disease. That is one of the many reasearch options being persued today.

End

If you need anymore information on Huntington's disease you can go to The Huntington's Disease Society of America or Mayo Clinic Huntington's Disease. I hope you learned a lot of information on Huntington's.

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