Dyslexia and Aphasia
By: McKenzie and Madison
Dyslexia and Aphasia are language disorders.
Dyslexia is a learning disability in reading, it altars the way the brain processes written material. It is often neurological or genetic. It messes with your reading, spelling, writing, and speech. You mix up letters such as "d" and "b" and you have difficultly pronouncing words. To diagnose Dyslexia they do a a variety of tests such as: expressive oral language, expressive written language, receptive written language, ect. You can treat it through teaching methods. It can not be prevented but can be helped. Dyslexia is something your born with.
Aphasia is a language disorder that affects the person's ability to talk, read, and write. To determine whether the person has Aphasia, the person has to follow commands, answer questions, name objects, and carry on a conversation. If the physician thinks the person has Aphasia they will refer them to a pathologist. People who have Aphasia speak in short or incomplete sentences, speak in unrecognizable words, take figurative language literally write sentences that don't make sense. Aphasia is caused by damage to one or more of the language areas in your brain or it can be caused by stroke. Some people recover from Aphasia without treatment. Some have speech-language therapy, aphasia therapy, stroke clubs, or group clubs. You can lower your risk of Aphasia by controlling your blood pressure which can lower your risk of stroke, or recognize early tumors which can lead to successful treatment. Aphasia is a neurological disorder that isn't a disease. It is a symptom of brain damage, can result from brain tumor, infection, head injury, dementia. In the United States it is estimated that 1 million people have Aphasia. Carl Wernicke discovered Wernicke's Aphasia and, Paul Broca discovered Broca's Aphasia. A person that has Aphasia says that it is terrible, they can't talk on the phone, and can't order medicine. There are charities for people with Aphasia such as Aphasia Hope Foundation, National Aphasia Association.