Abraham Maslow belonged to the humanistic schooling of thought. A humanist is a psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth. He was born in 1908 and died in 1970. He studied the fact that people were motivated by a range of needs. He also created Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. This was a pyramid that contained seven layers. Working from the bottom up there was basic, safety, love, esteem, cognitive, asthenic, and self actualized. During this time period Carl Rogers was also revolving around the idea of client-centered therapy. Three essential characteristics of the humanistic movement were that is was an epistemology that admits the centrality of human experience as basic data. Also, it emphasis on holistic theoretical models. Lastly, it is an advocacy of value-based and value-affirming social science.
Maslow was such an important part of psychology because he began making people think of what they need to fill their maximum potential. He realized that people were motivated by different things and wanted to show this. Being in this time period may have made Maslow realize that things in history such as children and sexuality are not what psychology is all about. This may have influenced him to come up with these new ideas and start people thinking about ways to fulfill their lives rather than gruesome things. I think what Maslow did was a big step in history and people today still use Maslow's hierarchy. I know this because I have used it in multiple classes that I am in at school and helps you realize what you really need in your life to live it to the fullest and the way you want.