Civil Rights Timeline
the time that change the future
The 13 Amendment, passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865, is the law written in the Constitution the declares Slavery, without conviction, illegal.
The 14th Amendment, ratified on July 9, 1868, gave citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the US have citizenship.
The 15th Amendment, ratified on February 3, 1870, gave voting rights to African-American citizens, however was not recognized until later.
The 19th Amendment gave female citizens of age the right to vote. the House passed the law on May 21, 1919
Executive Order 9981
July 26, 1948, President Truman issued Executive Order 9981 Which desegregated the military. This was truman's attempt of lower discrimination and help bring equality amongst citizens.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Inspired by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.
Civil Rights Act of 57
The 1957 Civil Rights Bill was made to ensure all African Americans had the ability to exercise their right of voting. It wanted the federal Justice Department to have a new system to monitor civil rights abuses and a review of the issue of race relations by representatives of both the Democratic and Republican parties.
On May 4, 1961, 13 black and white civil rights activists start the Freedom Rides, which was a series of bus trips through the South to protest segregation.
the Great Society was Lyndon B. Johnson's call for a radical change in our society to remove all types of discrimination.
The 24th Amendment, January 23, 1964, was the abolition of poll taxes, a state fee on voting.
March on Washington D.C.
More than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1963, for a political rally made to provide equal opportunity of jobs and freedom.
Civil Rights Act of 64
This civil rights act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race in hiring, promoting, and firing. This was attempts to thwart the sexist, racist mindset of the majority of America.
In 1965, A Missouri based organization served 21,000 children in the attempts to provide education, meals, medical services, and a good social environment before entering the school system.
Voting Rights Act of 65
President Johnson signed the resulting legislation into law on August 6, 1965. Clearly Stated by Section 2 of the Act, very Similar to its respective Amendment, made a nationwide rule against denying the right to vote on literacy tests.
In 1965, products of the civil rights movement, Upward Bound was created in efforts to give access to education for all Americans, as part of the Economic Opportunity Act in 1964.
In April 1968, the Fair Housing Act, was made to prohibit the sale of land or housing based of race, religion, or sex.
the 26th Amendment, set the mandated voting age of 18 that cannot be infringed by the state, which was ratified on July 1, 1971.
The Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from sexist discriminations of persons in education programs and activities that receive their finances from the government.