Bond Types

A chemical bond is formed between two atoms' attraction between electrons and the nucleus. These are made in order to achieve a more stable configuration and are the formation of chemical substances.

There are three basic bond types in chemistry: Ionic, Covalent, and Metallic.


Ionic bonds: These are generally formed between metals and non metals or "anions and cations" to form a noble gas configuration. Metals lose an electron and non metals will gain an electron. The electron in an ionic bond it "stolen" completely by one atom. .

The three basic types of bonds are Ionic, Covalent, and Metallic.

Example: NaCl

Characteristics: powdery or granular, soluble in water, high melting point, not conductive as a solid but is conductive as a liquid and in water.



Covalent Bonds: These are generally formed with two atoms that have similar electro negativity. The electron is shared in this bond.

Example: CO2

Characteristics: These are typically powdery or granular as well, sometimes they are water soluble, melt easily, and don't conduct electricity



Metallic Bonds: Formed between two metals and their valence electrons.

Characteristics: shiny and malleable, not soluble in water, high melting point, conducts electricity very well.

Example: Copper



Tanner Daniels - 6th




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