The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake & Fires

Earthquake Project
Heather Weston
Bender, 10-16-13

April 18, 1906 was the date of the Great San Francisco Earthquake. At precisely 5:12 AM, a fore shock occurred with sufficient force to be felt widely throughout the San Francisco Bay area. The great earthquake of level 7.8 broke loose 45 to 60 seconds later.

The Earthquake could be felt from Southern Oregon to South Los Angeles and inland as far as Central Nevada. The length of the rupture extended as far as 80km inland from the fault force. It also known as one of the world's first major disasters recorded by photography.

The earthquake is ranked as one of the most significant earthquakes of all time. It is also remembered mostly or the fire it spawned throughout San Francisco. However, the shaking damage was equally severe in many other places along the fault rupture.

There's an estimated value of 700 deaths caused by the earthquake and fire. Over 225,000 of the city's 400,000 residents were left homeless.

The fires burned for 3 days and 3 nights, some fires burned as hot as 2,700°F. The fires seemed to be more catasttrophic than the earthquake itself.

The earthquake caused an estimated property damage of 400$ million, or more than 8$ billion in today's dollars. Within the first 19 months after the earthquake, San Francisco spent 90$ Million on reconstruction. During that, San Francisco received approximately $9 million in relief from individuals, cities, states, the federal government, and other countries.

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