World War II: The Canadian Experience.
By Miracle Duru
Deep anger about the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles created an underlying bitterness to which Hitler’s viciousness and expansionism appealed, so they gave him support.Weaknesses in the Constitution crippled the government. In fact, there were many people in Germany who wanted a return to dictatorship. When the crisis came in 1929–1933 – there was no one who was prepared or able to fight to stop Hitler.The financial support of wealthy businessmen gave Hitler the money to run his propaganda and election campaigns.Nazi propaganda persuaded the German masses to believe that the Jews were to blame and that Hitler was their last hope.Hitler promised everybody something, so they supported him.The Stormtroopers attacked Jews and people who opposed Hitler. Many opponents kept quiet simply because they were scared of being murdered – and, if they were, the judges simply let the Storm-troopers go free. Hitler was a brilliant speaker, and his eyes had a peculiar power over people. He was a good organizer and politician. He was a driven, unstable man, who believed that he had been called by God to become dictator of Germany and rule the world. This kept him going when other people might have given up. His self-belief persuaded people to believe in him.
Appeasement, the policy of making concessions to the dictatorial powers in order to avoid conflict. Although the roots of appeasement lay primarily in the weakness of post world war I collective security arrangements, the policy was motivated by several other factors. Firstly, the legacy of the Great War in France and Britain generated a strong public and political desire to achieve ‘peace at any price’. Secondly, neither country was militarily ready for war. Widespread pacifism and war-weariness (not too mention the economic legacy of the Great Depression) were not conducive to rearmament. Thirdly, many British politicians believed that Germany had genuine grievances resulting from Versailles Finally, some British politicians admired Hitler and Mussolini, seeing them not as dangerous fascists but as strong, patriotic leaders. In the 1930s', Britain saw its principle threat as Communism rather that fascism, viewing authoritarian right-wing regimes as bulwarks against its spread. In 1940, three British journalists anonymously published the book Guilty Men. It called for the removal from public office of 15 politicians and labelled appeasement as “deliberate surrender of small nations in the face of Hitler’s blatant bullying.”
Canada entered the 1939-1945 War on 10th September 1939. Within two months the first contingents of Canadian troops arrived in the United Kingdom to supplement the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF). Forestalled by the evacuation of the British Army from Dunkirk and the Channel ports, Canada's role became one of defense of the British Isles. Far across the globe a small force of Canadians arrived in Hong Kong in time to meet the Japanese invasion, and fought with the British, Indian and Hong Kong forces in defense of the colony until the surrender on Christmas Day 1941. On 19th August 1942 troops of the Canadian 2nd Division formed the bulk of the Dieppe Raid. Of the 5,000 Canadians who took part, only about 2,000 returned to England: nearly 1,000 had been killed and 2,000 taken prisoner. A further 500 Canadians lost their lives when they landed in Sicily as part of the Eighth Army on 10th July 1943. On 3rd September a combined Canadian, British and American force made the first full-scale invasion of mainland Europe, attacking on the 'toe' of Italy and reaching Naples on 1st October. Canadian troops fought at Ortona and Monte Casino and in May 1944 took part in the costly, but successful, attack on the Hitler line: the first major operation by a Canadian corps in the 1939-1945 War. The battle northwards through Italy continued to the war's end and ultimately cost the lives of nearly 6,000 Canadians.
D-Day was significant because it was the beginning of Allied land operations that liberated western Europe from German occupation. D-Day happened in order to remove Hitler from power. Germany was weakened by bombing from the air and the war was won by having troops on the ground to control the territory.
With so many men absent from home in the armed forces and with industries pushing more production the government urged women to work in the war effort.
propaganda is information designed to inspire and spread particular beliefs and opinions. There are different types of propaganda used in Canada during WWII eg: Recruiting women, rationing, conscription and victory bonds.
Conscription divided the nation in the second war. Conscription is the call of citizens for military service. conscription can be introduced through propaganda.
Rationing is defined as putting limits on the amount of certain goods that individuals may purchase or consume. Rationing in WWII included certain goods such as food and gasoline.
Before the war, 22096 Canadians of Japanese descent lived in British Columbia. When the war ended many Canadians of Japanese descent were encouraged to leave because Canada believed that they were spies just because they bombed Pearl Harbor.
Liberation of Netherlands.
Canadian forces played an important role in liberating the Netherlands.There orders was to push German troops in the west into Germany. No part of western Europe was liberated at a more vital moment than the Netherlands cheered Canadian troops as one town after another was freed.
During the genocide of the Jews, extermination camps were established, where the Germans in the most horrific way killed 3 million Jews half of the 6 million victims of the Holocaust and other groups from all over Europe were sent to extermination camps. They used gas chambers to kill them. The legacy of the Holocaust can be described in 3 words: Bloody, Cruel and Non-Human. The Germans became willing participants of the /holocaust because they were afraid of Hitler. Fear was used as motivation ask they killed jews in other to save their own life.