Andrew Jackson

(March 15, 1767- June 8, 1845)

Andrew Jackson, President from 1829 to 1837, is mainly known as the seventh President of the United States. Before being a President, however, he did many things. Jackson, though a brilliant man, he only had occasional schooling as a boy because of his home in a remote settlement of Carolina. Even so, in his late teens he pursued a career of law and studied that subject for two years. Later he became an exceptional Tennessee lawyer. Jackson soon bought slaves and built a mansion called the Hermitage near Nashville. He was the first man from Tennessee to be elected into the House of Representatives and later was in the Senate for a short time. Jackson was also a national hero after becoming a major general in the war of 1812. He married Rachel Donelson and, after her death, adopted a child named Andrew Jackson Jr.

Andrew Jackson became President of the United States in 1829 and finished his two terms in 1837. In between those two dates, much was accomplished. Andrew eventually replaced about ten percent of his government officers for reasons such as corruption, opposition or incompetency, this amount being much higher than his predecessors'. In January of 1835, Jackson paid of the entire National debt, something never done by any other President. Another event Jackson is known well for is the removal of the Native Americans. Andrew believed that "the backbone of the American economy" was family farmland, so he thought moving the Indians from the Southeast to the West would open up fertile farmland for farmers. In 1830 The Indian Removal Act was passed, allowing America to force the removal of the Native Americans and causing the trail of tears.

Finally Andrew Jackson died on June 8, 1845 from disease and was buried in the garden at the Hermitage Mansion.

This is the tomb where Andrew Jackson and his wife, Rachel, were buried.

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