Alondra Jauregui History
Q1) Why was it important for your group to control the city of jerusalem?
A1) "During the 4th century of CE, the emperor Constantine adopted Christianity and created a new capital of Constantinople (the Greek city of Byzantium), which led to a different Roman presence in the area. The region became dominated by Christians with churches built on holy sites in Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Galilee. The Jews were deprived of their relative autonomy, as well as their right to hold public positions, and were forbidden to enter Jerusalem except on one day of the year to mourn the destruction of the Temple."
Q2) What was the cause of the Crusades?
A2) "The Crusades to the Holy Land began after many Church reforms in Cluny (France) reached their peak. Everybody was suddenly aware of the fact that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem was under the control of Muslim infidels. The idea spread that it was necessary to take the Holy Land from the Turks. Once arriving there the Jewish role in the crucifixion was recalled as well as venting frustration from the difficulty in fighting a war far away from home. These beliefs set the stage for the bloody attacks on Jews in the Near East as well as Western Europe."
Q3) Impact of the Crusaders
A2)The first crusade saw European victories. Once cities and areas were under European control, Jews fled probably with an understanding of what was happening to the Jews in Europe. Once Jerusalem was taken, Jews were burned alive, sold into slavery, and small number survived but converted. Rural Jews in the area were either expelled or obliterated.
Q4) How did they view other groups?Equals? Superior to them? Inferior to them?
A4)The Crusades had less to do with the Moslems than with Roman-Byzantine rivalry. The Byzantine model had always been that each bishop, or patriarch, was independent and equal. The Roman model was that the bishop of Rome, the Pope, was supreme. An uneasy alliance kept the Church together until 1064, when the eastern Churches flatly refused to submit to the Pope. This split is called the Great Schism.