Nubian's history and traditions go all the way back to the dawn of civilization. The Nubian's first settled around the banks of the Nile. Nubia is known as Africa's earliest black culture and dates back to 3800 B.C. Egypt and Nubia were known as rivals, after Egypt defeated Nubia most of Nubia's customs and traditions were adopted by Egypt. The highest political level was the king and queen. The King and Queen acted as a god and goddess to their people. Then came the priests and scribes. Lastly came the average citizens such as farmers, merchants fisherman, and blacksmiths. On the bottom of the social class came the slaves and peasants. Ancient Nubian clothing was made out of leather and linen fibers. People in the upper class were known for wearing very colorful clothing. Nubian's used the Nile for transportation across water, and they used donkeys for transporting items on land. In certain periods was ruled by various ethnical tribal groups, while in certain periods they were ruled by politically larger kingdoms. Nubia was known for their advance military and skilled archers. Nubia was also known as Kush for 2,000 years, and the name Nubia came into use around the Roman era. The people of Nubia spoke two different varieties of the Nubian language. The kingdom of Nubia was divided into three different cultures know as the A group, B group, and C group. Each group ruled during different time periods, but the A group is the most well known for their riches and buildings.
Nubia was known as a producer of luxury products such as incense, ivory, and ebony. The empire was located along the Nile River. This made trade much more accessible, and also allowed for farming in areas near parts of the Nile River. Outside of the Nile River, the land was very dry and almost uninhabitable. This required very advanced buildings, and living within walking distance to a water source. The first civilization developed along the Nile, and was known as the Nile Valley of Sudan. East of the Nile River is known as the Nubian desert where agriculture is not possible. The Libyan desert is located to the left of Nubia where there is extremely little rainfall. Nubia was broken into two different regions known as northern and southern Nubia. The Nubian's also built about 200 pyramids, although they were not nearly the size of the Egyptian pyramids.
The ancient Nubian religion was known as a variation of the ancient Egyptian religion. The Nubian's believed in many different gods. Their gods were relevant towards the elements, and anything that could not be explained physically. The Nubian's believed in the afterlife just like the Egyptian's. They made sacrifices to certain gods to keep them content, and to bring them good fortune. Certain temples and pyramids were designated to certain gods for sacrifice and prayer.
Nubians used red fired bricks and stone to maintain a good structure for their art. Many of their artifacts were based off of religious beliefs and gods. Religious artifacts were important, they built temples and pyramids for their gods for sacrificial purposes. Many Nubian artifacts such as potery depicted the gods and the way they interacted with the people.