WORLD WAR TWO WACS WAVES
ROSIE THE RIVETER
by: MYA SWAIN
World War II was the largest and most violent armed conflict in the history of mankind. However, the half century that now separates us from that conflict has exacted its toll on our collective knowledge.
While World War II continues to absorb the interest of military scholars and historians, as well as its veterans, a generation of Americans has grown to maturity largely unaware of the political, social, and military implications of a war that, more than any other, united us as a people with a common purpose.
Highly relevant today, World War II has much to teach us, not only about the profession of arms, but also about military preparedness, global strategy, and combined operations in the coalition war against fascism.
P During the next several years, the U.S. Army will participate in the nation's 50th anniversary commemoration of World War II.
The commemoration will include the publication of various materials to help educate Americans about that war.
The works produced will provide great opportunities to learn about and renew pride in an Army that fought so magnificently in what has been called "the mighty endeavor."
World War II was waged on land, on sea, and in the air over several diverse theaters of operation for approximately six years.
The following essay on the critical support role of the Women's Army Corps supplements a series of studies on the Army's campaigns of that war.
This brochure was prepared in the U.S. Army Center of Military History by Judith A. Bellafaire.
I hope this absorbing account of that period will enhance your appreciation of American achievements during World War II.
Over 150,000 American women served in the Women's Army Corps (WAC) during World War 11.
Members of the WAC were the first women other than nurses to serve within the ranks of the United States Army.
Both the Army and the American public initially had difficulty accepting the concept of women in uniform.
Early in 1941 Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts met with General George C. Marshall, the Army's Chief of Staff, and informed him that she intended to introduce a bill to establish an Army women's corps, separate and distinct from the existing Army Nurse Corps.
Progers remembered the female civilians who had worked overseas with the Army under contract and as volunteers during World War I as communications specialists and dietitians.
Because these women had served the Army without benefit of official status, they had to obtain their own food and quarters, and they received no legal protection or medical care.
Upon their return home they were not entitled to the disability benefits or pensions available to U.S. military veterans.
Rogers was determined that if women were to serve again with the Army in a wartime theater they would receive the same legal protection and benefits as their male counterparts.
WAVES on 30 July 1942 was established as a World War II division of the U.S. Navy, that consisted entirely of women in the 1940s, but on 12 June 1948, women gained permanent status in the armed services of the United States.
The Women entering as enlisted personnel in the Navy or Coast Guard attended the V10 WAVE Enlisted Rating Volunteer Program.
Waves stand for Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service
WACS stand for women army corp
Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the United States, representing the American women who worked in factories during World War II, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies.
The term "Rosie the Riveter" was first used in 1942 in a song of the same name written by Redd Evans and John Jacob Loeb.
Most women had to wait to men come back from ww2 and work.