Shopping List

Dialogue
At the shop

Grammar

Too/Enough

Rule Too

Rule Enough

Exercises

Too/Enough

Present Perfect

Rule

Exercises

Number 1

Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative.

  1. I _____ (not clean) my football boots.
  2. They _____ (not start) their meal.
  3. I _____ (not do) my homework.
  4. He _____ (not win) all his matches this year.
  5. My brother and I _____ (not see) any films this week.
  6. It's my birthday party today. I _____ (not invite) many people.
  7. He _____ (not wash) his hands. They're very dirty.
  8. Mum's really angry. We _____ (not tidy) our room!
  9. I can't play with my friends this evening. I _____ (not finish) my homework.
  10. I _____ (not visit) New York for three years.
  11. Where's Alison? We _____ (not see) her since yesterday.
  12. Dad _____ (not take) a holiday since last August.
  13. John _____ (not play) the violin since he was school.

Present Perfect Countinuous

Present Perfect Continuous включает в себя черты времен Present Continuous иPresent Perfect, что следует уже из самого названия времени. Как и все времена группы Continuous, это время имеет длительный характер. От группы Perfect здесь присутствует характер завершенности и указание на наличие результата.

Употребление Present Perfect Continuous.

Present Perfect Continuous применяется для указания

  • Действий, процессов или событий, начавшихся в один из конкретных моментов прошлого и длящихся по сей момент:
  • Dylan’s been writing to Lisa since morning. Hope, he’ll soon stop. – Дилан пишет Лизе с утра. Надеюсь, он скоро закончит.
  • Действий, процессов или событий, начавшихся в момент прошлого, и закончившихся только что:
  • It has been pouring hard since morning, but at present it has eventually stopped. – Сильный дождь шел с утра, но теперь он, наконец, перестал.
  • Действий, процессов или событий, начавшихся и завершенных в прошлом, но важных для говорящего в данный конкретный момент:
  • Christopher’s brother's been using his bike without permission and has the back tyre punctured. – Брат Кристофера катался на его велосипеде без разрешения и теперь у велосипеда пробито заднее колесо.
  • Действий, процессов или событий начавшихся и завершенных до момента речи, но имеющих явный видимый эффект или результат:
  • Tyler looks so tired. Has Tyler been training all day? – Тайлер выглядит усталым. Он тренировался весь день?
  • Действий, которые будут длиться до конкретного будущего момента в придаточных условных предложениях I-го типа:
  • After he's been staying here for a day he will surely get accustomed to the unfamiliar surroundings. – Пробыв здесь денек, он непременно привыкнет к незнакомому окружению.

    Present Perfect Continuous не употребляется для описания последовательности действий.

    Rule

    Exercises

    Number 1

    Раскройте скобки, предварительно поставив глаголы в форму Present Perfect Continuous.

    1

    Olga: Rose! What are you doing here? I ___________ (wait) for you for hours!

    Rose: I’m sorry, Olga. I __________ (try on) these clothes for two hours. And I haven’t decided vet.

    2

    Greg: Molly! Call our waiter again!

    Molly: I___________ (try) to call him.

    Greg: Molly! We_____________ (sit) here for twenty-five minutes... and I’m not going to wait any more!

    Molly: I’m sorry, dear... but he’s again talking to that nice girl.

    Greg: Yes, he ____________ (talk) to her since we came in.

    Molly: Waiter!

    Waiter: Yes, ma’am ... Do you want the bill?

    Molly: The bill! We haven’t even got the menu yet!

    Number 2

    Раскройте скобки, используя Present Perfect Continuous.

    1. All these days he _________ (talk) about his new plan.
    2. Here is Mrs. Brown who we ____________ (speak) about for a long time.
    3. You ___________ (watch) TV too long.
    4. He ___________ (sit) here all the time.

    Number 3

    Измените предложения согласно модели

    Model: Have you been staying here long? (for a month)

    I have been staying here for a month.

    1. Has he been talking about his plan long? (all these days)
    2. Have children been swimming long? (for half an hour)
    3. Has it been raining long? (for a week)
    4. Have you been translating the article long? (for three hours)

    Degrees of comparison of Adjectives

    You can find a rule there

    Video rule

    Exercises

    Merry christmas and happy new year!
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