The Evolution Of America

Although from 1998- 2015 US experience some contunity, the greater portion was changees in the US. Changes camed economicly with the increase in war spending, politcaly with congressmen abilty to twist the consitution, Culturally with the increase in patriotism and social changes, and America role in the society with the icrease amount of time we spent in the middle east.

Document A

New York Times, August 21 1998

U.S. Cruise Missiles Strike Sudan and Afghan Targets Tied to Terrorist Network/serial:Article/America in the world/year of birth

U.S. Cruise Missiles Strike Sudan and Afghan Targets Tied to Terrorist Network


ASHINGTON -- Dozens of U.S. cruise missiles struck targets in Afghanistan and the Sudan on Thursday in what President Clinton described as an act of self-defense against imminent terrorist plots and of retribution for the bombings of U.S. embassies in East Africa two weeks ago.

The strikes were launched from ships in the Arabian and Red Seas at dusk. It was not immediately clear whether the raids were a military success. Pentagon officials said that no Americans died but that they had no immediate estimate of other casualties or damage. Early Friday, an Islamic press agency reported 15 deaths from the bombings in Afghanistan.With about 75 missiles timed to explode simultaneously in unsuspecting countries on two continents, the operation was the most formidable U.S. military assault ever against a private sponsor of terrorism.

The targets were identified by Pentagon officials as an extensive terrorism training complex in Afghanistan, 94 miles south of Kabul, and a factory for the building blocks of chemical weapons near Khartoum, the Sudan.

Clinton and his national security team linked both sites to Osama bin Laden, the exiled Saudi millionaire tied by U.S. intelligence to the twin bombings on Aug. 7 in Kenya and Tanzania. The bombings killed 12 Americans and nearly 300 Africans.

Bin Laden, who is in Afghanistan, apparently survived the attack, which officials insisted was not aimed at him.

"Let our actions today send this message loud and clear," Clinton said in an address from the Oval Office. "There are no expendable American targets. There will be no sanctuary for terrorists."

The president made no apologies for ordering the strikes without permission from Afghanistan or the Sudan, saying, "Countries that persistently host terrorists have no right to be safe havens."

Historical  Context - In August 1998, Al-Qaeda operatives carried out the bombings of the U.S. embassies in Narobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing more than 200 people and injuring more than 5,000 others.

Purpose- The purpose of the article is to explain that even though the target we was aiming for, did die in the bombings. We still going to lauch missiles but, when we have more information to limit civial fatilites.

Reflection- This missle attack was suppose to stop terrosim from spreadding in the middle east. When America lauch the missles it was from a gut feeling that the targets was there. Soon they figure out none of the targets was at the site of the bombings and many incidents died. This led America to stop trading or obating materails from the middle east. This will help America in the future by making sure they require more information before lauching missles.

Document B

Constitutional Rights Foundation, November 26 2001

The Patriot act/serial:Article/politics and power/Year after birth

The Patriot Act:

Terrorists struck America on September 11, 2001. Highjacking four planes, they flew two of them into the World Trade Center towers in New York and another into the Pentagon in Washington. The fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania before it reached its target in Washington. Within two hours, both of the massive 110-story twin towers had collapsed. A wing of the Pentagon was severely damaged. More than 3,000 people died in the attacks. Two days later, the White House identified the culprits as members of Al Qaeda, an Islamic fundamentalist terrorist group based in Afghanistan but with terrorist cells throughout the world. The hijackers had worked out of Al Qaeda terrorist cells operating in the United States. No one knew whether more terrorist attacks were coming.

Soon after September 11, U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft brought before Congress a list of recommended changes in the law to combat terrorism. Some of these measures had long been opposed by members of Congress as infringing on the rights of Americans.

But September 11 had swept away all previous objections. The U.S. Senate quickly passed the USA PATRIOT ACT (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism). Only one senator, Russell Feingold (D-Wis.), voted against it.

The next day, the House of Representatives passed the bill 357-66. The final bill was 342 pages long and changed more than 15 existing laws. Most of the Justice Department's recommendations were incorporated into it, but several provisions will expire in 2005.

On October 26, President George W. Bush signed the Patriot Act into law. He praised the "new tools to fight the present danger . . . a threat like no other our Nation has ever faced." He also asserted that the Patriot Act "upholds and respects the civil liberties guaranteed by our Constitution."

Historical Context- The semptember 11 bombings lead to the insertion of the Patriot Act.

Audience- The American people is the audience.

Refelction- When 911 happened the American people was willing to do anything to obtain justice. The patorit Act was pass tthrough congress but people second guess it because it justify going into your house if  they think you done a crime. These searches violate the Fourth Amendment's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures as well as First Amendment freedoms of speech and association. This source will be important to future historians because it change the trust between the people and goverment to decrease.

Document C

The Guardian, October 7, 2002

George Bush speech on Iraq/serial:speech/america in the world/ year after birth

                            Transcript: George Bush's speech on Iraq

... America is a friend to the people of Iraq. Our demands are directed only at the regime that enslaves them and threatens us. When these demands are met, the first and greatest benefit will come to Iraqi men, women and children. The oppression of Kurds, Assyrians, Turkomen, Shia, Sunnis and others will be lifted, the long captivity of Iraq will end, and an era of new hope will begin.

Iraq is a land rich in culture and resources and talent. Freed from the weight of oppression, Iraq's people will be able to share in the progress and prosperity of our time.

If military action is necessary, the United States and our allies will help the Iraqi people rebuild their economy and create the institutions of liberty in a unified Iraq, at peace with its neighbors.

Later this week, the United States Congress will vote on this matter. I have asked Congress to authorize the use of America's military if it proves necessary to enforce UN Security Council demands.

Approving this resolution does not mean that military action is imminent or unavoidable. The resolution will tell the United Nations, and all nations, that America speaks with one voice and it is determined to make the demands of the civilized world mean something.

Congress will also be sending a message to the dictator in Iraq that his only chance - his only choice is full compliance, and the time remaining for that choice is limited.

Members of Congress are nearing an historic vote. I'm confident they will fully consider the facts and their duties.

The attacks of September 11 showed our country that vast oceans no longer protect us from danger. Before that tragic date, we had only hints of al-Qaida's plans and designs. Today, in Iraq, we see a threat whose outlines are far more clearly defined and whose consequences could be far more deadly.

Saddam Hussein's actions have put us on notice, and there's no refuge from our responsibilities.

We did not ask for this present challenge, but we accept it. Like other generations of Americans, we will meet the responsibility of defending human liberty against violence and aggression. By our resolve, we will give strength to others. By our courage, we will give hope to others. And by our actions, we will secure the peace and lead the world to a better day.

May God bless America.

Historical Context- The 911 bombings.

Intended audience- The people of America.

Reflection- This speech was given to adress the American people that we have to go into war with Iraq. That the war is more than to stop terriosim but to save billions of lives because they have weapons of mass destruction. The war will also free the innocence people who are bullied by these terroist groups. The foregin policy changed during this time to non negoations with the middle east and terrioist. Historians will find this important in the future because we went to war in Iraq to find the WMD's but found nothing. That we enter a war basically over a hunch and with little information that they have WMD's or not.

Document D

C-span, January 20, 2009

President Barack Obama 2009 Inauguration and Address/serial:speech/culture/middle school

President Barack Obama 2009 Inauguration and Address

Historical Context-

  • President Bush signs the $700 billion bailout / Rescue package bill ( Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 ) is signed into law
  • President Bush and House leaders agree to a $150 billion stimulus package, including rebates for most tax filers of up to $600 for individuals, $1,200 for couples and, for families, an additional $300 a child.

Intended Audience- America

Reflection- When Obama becamed president it lead to a social change in society. For the first time ther was an African American president. Society had to accept that there country leader was African American. Historians will find this important in the futre because he was the first black president. Also how society chnaged when he becamed president.

Document E

Keith Rosenthal, May 9, 2011

"Celebrations of Death," Osama bin Laden, and the American Media/serial:picture/culture/middle school

Historical Context- The United States announced the withdrawal of their troops and the end of the war in Iraq. After almost nine years of fighting, some 4,500 American soldiers died and over 30,000 were injured. The whole war cost the USA more than $700 billion.

Point of View- No matter how far you run. No matter how long it will take. America will find you and put you to justice.

Reflection- The death of Osama bin Laden brung much needed patriotism back to America. Since 911 patriotism was decling due to the untrust in governtment because of the patriot act and the 911 bombings. This showed American people that nobody can escape America and justice and that America Is the superpower of the world. Historians will find this important because America's most wanted man is dead and lead to patriotism to come back to America.

Document F

Scott Neuman, march 29 2015

Indiana Governor: Lawmakers To 'Clarify' Anti-Gay Law/serial:picture/politics and power/ current year

                 Indiana Governor: Lawmakers To 'Clarify' Anti-Gay Law

Historical context- February 23 - Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson allowed a bill to become law that prevents any cities and counties in the state from expanding anti-discrimination ordinances beyond what the state already prohibits by refusing to sign or veto the legislation. The state's anti-discrimination laws don't include sexual orientation or gender identity.

Point of view- The anti gay law is unjust.

Reflection-The indiana gay laws made it possible for public business to deny service to gay people. This goes agaist the 14 amendement which states All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Historians will find this important because it shows how me twisted the consituion so we can pass laws like the anti gay law.

Document G

Tech Cruch, January 9, 2013

Makerbot 3D Printing: Bre Pettis Interview | TechCrunch At CES 2013/serial:interview/work exchange & technology/high school

       Makerbot 3D Printing: Bre Pettis Interview | TechCrunch At CES 2013

Historical context- 3D printing and the increase devlopment of drones.

Point of view- 3D printing will change the world.

Reflection- 3D printing is the next great invention. From the portable cellphone to the computer. 3D printing will allow people of america to save mney and create there own supplies. It will also allow doctors to make a 3D model of the person body part they are going to replace. Historians will find this important because it will lead to quicker production of goods and change Americas technology life.

Document H

Professor Dr. Grisanti, september 5, 2014

Argus II - Retinal Implant - Bionic Eye - Retinal Prosthesis System/serial:interview/work exchange & technology/ high school

              Argus II - Retinal Implant - Bionic Eye - Retinal Prosthesis System

Historical Context- invention of the 3d printer and Argus 1

Intendend Audience- Blind people and Doctors.

Reflection- The Argus 2 allows people who are permanently blind to see shapes and colors. This is one of the first  steps in a cure for blindness that actually works without side effects in America history.This with a little more time can help people see faces how we see them. In the future historians will find this important because it was one of the first working steps in the cure for blindness.

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